1854 Mitchell Map of the Pacific Ocean and Australia

PacificOceanOceanica2-mitchell-1854
$150.00
The Pacific Ocean including Oceanica with its several Divisions, Islands, Groups etc.
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1854 Mitchell Map of the Pacific Ocean and Australia

PacificOceanOceanica2-mitchell-1854

Map of Australia and Polynesia.
$150.00

Title


The Pacific Ocean including Oceanica with its several Divisions, Islands, Groups etc.
  1850 (dated)    13 x 16 in (33.02 x 40.64 cm)     1 : 57500000

Description


This is a fine example of Thomas Cowperthwait and S. A. Mitchell's 1854 map of the Pacific, Polynesia, and Australia. Centered on the Sandwich or Hawaiian Islands, this map covers the entirety of the pacific Basin from the Aleutian Islands to New eland and the Straits of Magellan, and from Sumatra to the coasts of America. Mitchell identifies many of the Polynesian, Micronesian, and Melanesian Islands as well as, Japan, Korea, and Alaska. Noteworthy remarks on the lands and peoples of Oceania appear in the lower right quadrant under the title. In the lower left quadrant part of the Antarctica is detailed along with the track of the 1840 U.S. Exploring Expedition in this region. The whole is engraved in Mitchell's distinctive style with green border work and vivid pastels. Political and topographical features are noted and color coded with elevation rendered by hachure.

This map was prepared by S. A. Mitchell for publication as plate no. 73 by the Philadelphia firm of Thomas Cowperthwait and Co. in the 1854 edition of Mitchell's New General Atlas. Dated and copyrighted, 'Entered according to act of Congress in the year 1850 by Thomas Cowperthwait and Co. in the Clerk's office of the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.'

Cartographer


Samuel Augustus Mitchell (March 20, 1792 - December 20, 1868) Senior began his map publishing career in the early 1830s. Having worked as a school teacher, Mitchell was frustrated with the low quality and inaccuracy of school texts of the period. His first maps were an attempt to rectify this problem. In the next 20 years Mitchell would become the most prominent American map publisher of the mid-19th century. Mitchell worked with prominent engravers J. H. Young, H. S. Tanner, and H. N. Burroughs before attaining the full copyright on his maps in 1847. In 1849 Mitchell teamed up with printer Cowperthwait & Company to produce the Mitchell's Universal Atlas and the Mitchell's General Atlas. In the late 1850s most of the Mitchell copyrights were bought by Desilver and Co. who continued to publish his maps, many with modified borders and color schemes, until Mitchell's son, Samuel Augustus Mitchell Junior, entered the picture. S.A. Mitchell Jr. purchased most of the copyrights back from Desilver and, from 1860 on, published his own New General Atlas. The younger Mitchell became as prominent as his father and published atlases well into the late 1880s when most of the copyrights were again sold and the Mitchell firm closed its doors for the final time.

Source


Mitchell, S. A., A New Universal Atlas Containing Maps of the various Empires, Kingdoms, States and Republics Of The World, (Thomas Cowperthwait & Co., Philadelphia) 1854.     The New Universal Atlas is one of the great American atlases of the mid-19th century. Samuel Augustus Mitchell first issued the atlas in 1846 when he acquired the map plates and copyright for Tanner's New Universal Atlas from its publisher, Carey and Hart. The first transitional 1846 edition was published jointly with Carey and Hart, but a second edition was published in the same year with the Tanner imprint erased. This edition of the atlas also introduced the signature S. A. Mitchell green and pink color scheme. Most of the maps from the early editions of the atlas were engraved by H. N. Burroughs or C. S. Williams, often bearing their copyright. Burroughs maps also tended to have what map collector David Rumsey refers to as the 'Cary and Hart' borders, which featured a narrow vine motif. These borders were replaced, along with the Burroughs imprint, with the more traditional Mitchell strap work border used in the atlases until 1856. Mitchell published editions until late in 1850, when he sold the rights to Thomas Cowperthwait and Company of Philadelphia. Under Cowperthwait, the atlases continued to be published and bear the Mitchell name until 1856, when it the plates were again sold, this time to Charles Desliver. Desilver reworked the plates with new border art and a revised color scheme in the style of J. H. Colton. Deliver issued editions from 1857 to 1860, when the atlas was phased out in favor of Samuel Augustus Mitchell Jr.'s New General Atlas.

Condition


Very good. Overall age toning. Minor spotting at places. Top margin cut off.

References


Rumsey 0537.071 (1846 edition). Phillips (Atlases) 814.