Regni Poloniae et Ducatus Lithuaniae Voliniae, Podoliae, Ucraniae, Prussiae, Lovoniae, et Curlandiae descriptio.
1682 (undated) 19 x 22 in (48.26 x 55.88 cm)
1 : 2900000
This is a striking and highly decorative c. 1682 Frederik de Wit map of Poland and Lithuania. The map covers from the Baltic Sea to the Black Sea and from Latvia to Moldova, including much of modern day Poland and Lithuania. The map was issued by de Wit in many editions from about 1655 to 1690. For the dating of the present example we have followed Rumsey who has a 1682 dated edition of De Wit's Atlas.
Frederik de Wit (1629 - 1706) was a Dutch Golden Age cartographer active in the second half of the 17th and the early 18th centuries. De Wit was born of middle class Protestant stock in the western Netherlandish town of Gouda. He relocated to Amsterdam sometime before 1648, where he worked under Willem Blaeu. His first attributed engraved map, a plan of Haarlem for Antonius Sanderus' Flandria Illustrata, was issued around this time. He struck out on his own in 1654. The first chart that De Wit personally both drew and engraved was most likely his 1659 map of Denmark, REGNI DANIÆ Accuratissima delineatio Perfeckte Kaerte van ‘t CONJNCKRYCK DENEMARCKEN. His great wall map of the world and most famous work, Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Tabula appeared one year later. Following the publication of his wall map De Wit quickly rose in prominence as a both cartographer and engraver. He married Maria van der Way in 1661 and through her became a citizen of Amsterdam in 1662. Around this time he also published his first major atlas, a composite production ranging in size from 17 to over 150 maps and charts. Other atlases and individual maps followed. In 1689 De Wit was granted at 15 year Privilege by the Dutch States General. The Privilege was a kind of early copyright that protected his exclusive rights to print and publish his maps. He was recognized with the honorific 'Good Citizen' in 1694. De Wit died in 1706 after which his wife Maria continued publishing his maps until about 1710. Though De Wit did have a son, Franciscus, he had no interest in the map trade, being a prosperous stockfish merchant. Instead, on her own retirement, Maria sold most De Wit maps and plates at a public auction. Most were acquired by Pieter Mortier and laid the groundwork for the 1721 rise of Covens and Mortier, the largest Dutch cartographic publishing house of the 18th century.
De Wit, F., Atlas. Tot Amsterdam By Frederick de Wit in de Calverstraet bij den Dam inde Witte Paskaert. (Amsterdam: De Wit) 1682.
Very good. Even overall toing. Minor centerfold wear. Minor verso reinforcements lower margin.
Rumsey 12220.069. Koeman Wit 8. Carhart A100b. OCLC 316501980. Phillips (Atlases) #5389-106.