1762 Janvier Map of Scandinavia - Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Finland
Les Couronnes du Nord Comprenant les Royaumes de Suede Danemarck et Norwege divisés par Provinces et Gouvernemens.
12 x 17.25 in (30.48 x 43.815 cm)
1 : 6900000
This is a beautiful example of Jean Janvier's 1762 decorative map of Scandinavia published for Jean Lattre's Atlas Moderne. It illustrates the kingdoms of Norway, Sweden, and Denmark, along with portions of the Russian Empire, the British Isles, and the German lands.
A Closer LookThe map depicts the region from Iceland and England eastward as far as Moscow, north to the Arctic Sea, and south as far as Denmark and Germany and includes the modern-day nations of Sweden, Denmark, Norway, and Finland. Towns, cities, rivers, mountains, and some undersea features are identified. A large decorative title cartouche is situated in the upper left corner of the map.
Of particular interest is the legendary Lofoten Maelstrom (Mael-Stroom) in northwestern Norway. This mythical whirlpool was the inspiration for Edgar Allen Poe's classic tale 'Descent into the Maelstrom.' In reality, it is a periodic and powerful current caused by tidal variations in the region.
Historical ContextJanvier's map depicts the region in the aftermath of the Great Northern War, when Russia under Peter the Great displaced the Swedish Empire as the dominant power in northern Europe. The Treaty of Nystad which ended the war is considered a watershed event in European history, signaling the beginning of the Russian Empire. It was followed by the War of Austrian Succession and the Seven Years' War, heralding a broader realignment of Europe's balance of power, with Spain declining, France becoming the lodestar of the continent, and relative upstarts like Prussia and Britain (and Russia) gaining prominence.
Publication History and CensusThis map was drawn by Jean Janvier and included as Plate No. 21 in the first edition of Jean Lattre's 1762 issue of the Atlas Moderne. This edition of the map is only independently cataloged in the holdings of two institutions while Lattre's Atlas is more widespread.
Jean or Robert Janvier (fl. 1746 - 1776) was a Paris based cartographer active in the mid to late 18th century. Janvier true first name is a matter of debate, as it appears as it often appears as either Jean or Robert. More commonly, Janvier simply signed his maps Signor Janvier. By the late 18th century Janvier seems to have been awarded the title of "Geographe Avec Privilege du Roi" and this designations appears on many of his latter maps. Janvier worked with many of the most prominent French, English and Italian map publishers of his day, including Faden, Lattre, Bonne, Santini, Zannoni, Delamarche, and Desnos. More by this mapmaker...
Jean Lattré (170x - 178x) was a Paris based bookseller, engraver, globe maker, calligrapher, and map publisher active in the mid to late 18th century. Lattré published a large corpus of maps, globes, and atlases in conjunction with a number of other important French cartographic figures, including Janvier, Zannoni, Bonne and Delamarche. He is also known to have worked with other European cartographers such as William Faden of London and the Italian cartographer Santini. Map piracy and copyright violations were common in 18th century France. Paris court records indicate that Lattré brought charges against several other period map publishers, including fellow Frenchman Desnos and the Italian map engraver Zannoni, both of whom he accused of copying his work. Lattré likes trained his wife Madame Lattré (né Vérard), as an engraver, as a late 18th century trade card promotes the world of 'Lattré et son Epouse.' Lattré's offices and bookshop were located at 20 rue St. Jaques, Paris, France. Later in life he relocated to Bordeaux. Learn More...
Lattre, J., Atlas Moderne ou Collection de Cartes sur Toutes les Parties du Globe Terrestre Par Plusieurs Auteurs, Paris, 1762.
Very good. Light foxing in the margins.
Rumsey 2612.043. Phillips (Atlases) 664. National Maritime Museum, 215. OCLC 471810451, 1291427505.