1855 Spruner Map of Scandinavia during the 1397 Kalmar Union

Scandinavien bis zur calmarischen Union, 1397.

1855 Spruner Map of Scandinavia during the 1397 Kalmar Union


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Scandinavien bis zur calmarischen Union, 1397.
  1855 (dated)    17 x 14.5 in (43.18 x 36.83 cm)


This is a fascinating example of Karl von Spruner's 1855 historical map of Scandinavia during the Kalmar Union of 1397. The map covers Sweden, Norway, Denmark and Finland. The map also features six inset maps detailing Iceland, Swealand, Denmark, Thrond, and Norway's Western Isles. The Kalmar Union consolidated the autonomous nations of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden (including Finland) under a single monarch. The Kalmar Union lasted for over a century in spite of several conflicts during the 1440s. Finally in 1521, Gustav eriksson of the House of Vasa led the Swedish War of Liberation and defeated the leader of the Kalmar Union, Christian II of Denmark. He was elected King of Sweden in 1523 and, by the formal declaration of independence, dissolved the Kalmar Union.

As a whole the map labels important cities, rivers, mountain ranges and other minor topographical detail. Political and regional boundaries are outlined in color. All text is in German. Relief is shown by hachures, and the whole is rendered in finely engraved detail exhibiting throughout the fine craftsmanship for which the Perthes firm is best known. Prepared by Karl Spruner for publication as plate N II in the second edition of Justus Perthes' 1854 Historisch-geographischer Hand-Atlas zur Geschichte der Staaten europa's vom Anfang des Mittelalters bis auf die Neueste Zeit.


Karl von Spruner (November 15, 1803 - August 24, 1892) or Spruner Karl von Merz or Spruneri was a Stuttgart born cartographer, scientist, and map publisher active in Germany during the middle part of the 19th century. Joining the Bavarian army at the tender age of 11, Spruner dedicated most of his life to military service. Spruner's superiors, recognizing his keen intellect, eventually assigned him to the army's cartographic division. Military education earned him the title of Doctor of Cartography in 1852. In 1855 he attained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel and, in 1883, General. Cartographically, Spruner is best known for his historical atlases, most of which were published by the Justus Perthes firm. His much admired maps studiously applied historical political geographies to contemporary physical geographies. Spruner also worked with Heinrich Theodore Menke, a well-known German mapmaker, to produce and later revise his many historical maps. In 1886, after 72 years of professional military service, Spruner formally retired. He died seven years later in Munich in on August 24th of 1892.

Justus Perthes (1749 - 1812) was one of the most important German cartographic engravers of the 19th century. Perthes began his publishing empire with the 1784 issue of the famed survey of European nobility known as the Almanac de Gotha. In 1817 Perthes switched his focus to cartographic publishing. From 1817 to 1890 the Perthes firm would issue thousands of maps for more than 20 different atlases. Along with the visionary editors Stieler, Peterman, Meyer and Spruner, the Perthes firm pioneered the Hand Atlas. He also produced a number of important wall maps and case maps. Perthes maps are admired for their steel plate engraving, incredible detail, dedication to accuracy, and fine colorization. The Justus Perthes firm continues to produce maps and atlases to this day.


Spruner, Karl, Historisch-geographi scher Hand-Atlas zur Geschichte der Staaten Europa's vom Anfang des Mittelalters bis auf die neueste Zeit, 1854.    


Very Good. Original centerfold. Original platemark visible. Blank on verso. Minor overall toning. Minor foxing on top and bottom margin.


Rumsey 2600.040. OCLC 4125021.