Singapore and Vicinity.
1942 (dated) 37.5 x 30 in (95.25 x 76.2 cm)
1 : 80000
This is a 1942 Land Survey Division of the Japanese General Staff map of Malaysia, Sumatra, and Singapore published one month before the Battle of Singapore. Two maps printed on one sheet, the top map depicts Malaysia, Singapore, and the northern two-thirds of Sumatra, while the bottom map depicts Singapore from Johore and the Johore Strait to the southern tip of the island. Highly detailed, the regional map notes roads, cities, towns, contour lines illustrate elevation, and is exclusively in Japanese. The specific map of Singapore, however, is bilingual English and Japanese – probabally referencing English or F.M.S. sources. Incredibly detailed, myriad towns and settlements are labeled, along with roads, railroads, and foot paths. Buildings, including the Singapore Cricket Club, the Yacht Club, the Flying Club, and the market are identified. Various piers, wharves, and docks are also labele. Contour lines illustrate the terrain. Red dashed lines encircle eleven different parts of Singapore and the smaller islands in its immediate vicinity. These are fortified areas, which would be important for Japanese forces to know, as this map was published prior to the Battle of Singapore.
The Battle of Singapore
Deemed the 'worst military defeat' in British history by Winston Churchill, over 80,000 British, Indian, and Australian soldiers were captured in Singapore by the Japanese. The battle raged from February 8th through the 15th and ended with the surrender of all Allied forces on the island. Known as 'The Gibraltar of the East', Singapore served as a military fortress for the British Empire and was thought to be unconquerable. The Japanese invaded Singapore from the Malay Peninsula (hence the inclusion of a regional map and a specific map of Singapore) and scored several victories on their march south along the peninsula. One such victory was the sinking of the HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Repulse, the first two capital ships ever to be sunk by air power alone.
This map was created by the Land Survey Division of the Japanese General Staff and was published on January 8, 1942.
Very good. Even overall toning. Blank on verso.