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1869 Wyld Official Map of the Suez Canal, Egypt

SuezCanal-wyld-1869
$1,600.00
Wyld's Oficial Map of the Suez Maritime Canal. - Main View
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1869 Wyld Official Map of the Suez Canal, Egypt

SuezCanal-wyld-1869

I confess that my scheme is still a mere dream, and I do not shut my eyes to the fact that so long as I alone believe it to be possible, it is virtually impossible.' -de Lesseps

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Title


Wyld's Oficial Map of the Suez Maritime Canal.
  1869 (dated)     8.25 x 23.5 in (20.955 x 59.69 cm)     1 : 300000

Description


An extremely rare 1869 James Wyld map of the Suez Canal issued shortly before the Canal was opened. The canal was officially opened on November 17, 1869, and Wyld copyrighted this map on November 12, 1869, just in time to capitalize and general enthusiasm over canal's completion. The map covers the full extent of the Canal form the Mediterranean to the Red Sea. There are inset charts of Ismailia, Suez Bay, and Port Said. A further inset in the upper left, illustrates the canal within the context of the British Empire, whose possessions are highlighted in red. A profile section of the canal appears along the bottom border.
Suez Canal
The Suez Canal was construed by the Suez Canal Company between 1859 and 1869, officially opening to maritime traffic on November 17th, 1869. The canals cuts through the western Sinai Peninsula between the Mediterranean at Port Said and the Red Sea, at Suez. The completion of the Canal allowed for significantly faster communication between European ports and the lucrative markets of Asia, as they nullified the need to round Africa.

Work began on April 25, 1859, shortly after the developer Ferdinand de Lesseps obtained a concession from Sa'id Pasha, the Khedive of Egypt and Sudan. He created an international commission consisting of 13 experts from 7 countries to construct the canal. Much of the construction force was conscripted labor under the corvée system, which was common in Egypt until 1882, when it was outlawed. The British initially opposed the canal, out of fear it would disrupt English dominance of maritime trade, but in 1875 when Said Pasha's successor, Isma'il Pasha, ran up excessive debt, the British government acquired 44% of canal. In 1888, it was declared a neutral zone under British protection. Today the canal is under Egyptian control.
Publication History and Census
This map was copyrighted by James Wyld on November 12, 1869, just five days before the official opening of the Canal. We are aware of only a single edition. Surviving examples are scarce, with only 2 appearing in institutional collections. One at the British Library, and another at the Spertus Institute of Jewish Studies.

Cartographer


James Wyld I (1790 - 1836) and his son James Wyld II (November 20, 1812 - 1887) were the principles of English mapmaking dynasty active in London during much of the 19th century. The elder Wyld was a map publisher under William Faden and did considerable work on the Ordinance Survey. On Faden's retirement, Wyld took over Faden's workshop acquiring many of his plates. Wyld's work can often be distinguished from his son's maps through his imprint, which he signed as 'Successor to Faden'. Following in his father's footsteps the younger Wyld joined the Royal Geographical Society in 1830 at the tender age of 18. When his father died in 1836, James Wyld II was prepared to fully take over and expand his father's considerable cartographic enterprise. Like his father and Faden, Wyld II held the title of official Geographer to the Crown, in this case, Queen Victoria. In 1852 he moved operations from William Faden's old office at Charing Cross East (1837 - 1852) to a new larger space at 475 Strand. Wyld II also chose to remove Faden's name from all of his updated map plates. Wyld II continued to update and republish both his father's work and the work of William Faden well into the late 1880s. One of Wyld's most eccentric and notable achievements is his 1851 construction of a globe 19 meters (60 feet) in diameter in the heart of Leicester Square, London. In the 1840s Wyld also embarked upon a political career, being elected to parliament in 1847 and again in 1857. He died in 1887 following a prolific and distinguished career. After Wyld II's death, the family business was briefly taken over by James John Cooper Wyld (1844 - 1907), his son, who ran the firm from 1887 to 1893 before selling the business to Edward Stanford. All three Wylds are notable for producing, in addition to their atlas maps, short run maps expounding upon important historical events - illustrating history as it was happening - among them are maps related to the California Gold Rush, the New South Wales Gold Rush, the Scramble for Africa, the Oregon Question, and more. Learn More...

Condition


Very good. Old linen backing stable.

References


OCLC 557576445.