Actual Survey Map of Taiwan (Taiwan Shi Ce Di Tu)
1895 (dated) 20 x 15 in (50.8 x 38.1 cm)
1 : 1005000
An extremely scarce and important map of Taiwan or Formosa drawn shortly after the island was sized by Japanese forces at the beginning of the First Sino-Japanese War (August 1, 1894 – April 17, 1895). Formosa, here malformed despite the fact that it claims to be from an actual survey, was of interested to the Japanese well before the First Sino-Japanese War and the Treaty of Shimonoseki. The cartographer has inexplicably exaggerated Tainan and Hsinchu harbors. Several variants on this map were issued near the end of the war to illustrate new Japanese territories. A proper survey followed and a corrected map was subsequently issued later in the same year – making these almost instantly obsolete. As such they are extremely rare today with this being only the third such map we've encountered. The verso contains a map of the Yellow Sea including Korea and Shandong Provence.
Japanese cartography appears as early as the 1600s. Japanese maps are known for their exceptional beauty and high quality of workmanship. Early Japanese cartography has its own very distinctive projection and layout system. Japanese maps made prior to the appearance of Commodore Perry and the opening of Japan in the mid to late 1850s often have no firm directional orientation, incorporate views into the map proper, and tend to be hand colored woodblock prints. This era, from the 1600s to the c. 1855, which roughly coincides with the Tokugawa or Edo Period (1603-1886), some consider the Golden Age of Japanese Cartography. Most maps from this period, which followed isolationist ideology, predictably focus on Japan. The greatest cartographer of the period, whose work redefined all subsequent cartography, was Ino Tadataka (1745 -1818). Ino's maps of Japan were so detailed that, when the European cartographers arrived they had no need, even with their far more sophisticated survey equipment, to remap the region. Later Japanese maps, produced in the late Edo and throughout the Meiji period, draw heavily upon western maps as models in both their content and overall cartographic style. While many of these later maps maintain elements of traditional Japanese cartography such as the use of rice paper, woodblock printing, and delicate hand color, they also incorporate western directional orientation, projection systems, and structural norms. Even so, Japan's isolationist policy kept most western maps from reaching Japan so even 19th century maps appear extremely out of date. The early Japanese maps copy the great 1602 Chinese world map of the friar Matto Ricci. After Shiba Kokan's 1792 map, most Japanese cartographers used Covens and Mortier's 1730 copy of Jaillot's 1689 double hemisphere work as their base world-view. In 1862 Seiyo Sato based a new world map on Dutch sources dating to 1857, thus introducing the Mercator projection to Japan. By the late Meiji Era, western maps became far more common in Asia and Japanese maps began to follow modern conventions.
Tokyo Shimbun (東京新聞 / Tōkyō Shinbun / Tokyo Newspaper) (1888 - present) is a Japanese newspaper published by the Chunichi Shimbun Company. The Tokyo Shimbun was founded in Nagoya, Japan in 1888. As the paper grew it absorbed smaller news publications, including the Capital News, among others. Eventually, in 1942, it merged with the Miyako Shumbun, another Nagoya-based newspaper. The Tokyo Shimbun remains in publication to this day.
Good. Some wear on original fold lines. Minor loss at fold intersections.
Keating, Jerome F., The Mapping of Taiwan, page 93.