Theatre de la Guerre Dans l'Inde sur la Coste de Coromandel Par M. B. C. T. 1770.
22.75 x 37 in (57.785 x 93.98 cm)
1 : 100000
This superb 1770 map of Tamil Nadu, India was engraved in Paris by P. Croisey and is attributed to Jean Bourcet, the chief French military engineer in the city of Pondicherry during the Seven Years’ War. The map, oriented to the west, shows the Carnatic and the southern Coromandel Coast, which was the theatre of the Carnatic Wars and the First Anglo-Mysore War through 1740s and 1760s. Though often fought locally between the Nawabs of the Carnatic and the Sultanate of Mysore, the conflict was essentially between England’s East India Company and France.
Proxy WarsBeginning as an offshoot of the War of the Austrian Succession and extending through the Seven Years’ War, England and France fought in a series of conflicts throughout India. The central and deciding regional fights would all fall in the south, within the bounds of this map. Direct battles between the European powers were rare: the fighting was largely characterized by small, disciplined and technologically superior European forces employed to shift the balance of forces in local power struggles. Key battles are shown on the map and dated. Those with a French commander present are noted with that officer’s name, and a notation indicating the character of the fight: a French win, a French loss, or a draw.
The Fortifications Nineteen inset views detail the fortifications of cities at play during the conflict. Each includes a note indicating whose sphere of influence the city falls within (French, English, Dutch, Danish, or the Carnatic.) These include Cuddalore, Machilipatnam, Negapatam, Poonamallee, Pondichéry, Bombay, Chingleput, Tranquebar, Tiruchirapalli, Wandiwash, Vishakhapatnam, Gingee, Calcutta, Arcati, Trincomalee, Divicoté, Madras, Carangouli, and the Pagoda of Chalembron. The source for these views is likely to be Bourcet, who was the chief French military engineer in Pondicherry, and to whom the overall map is generally attributed.
Publication History and CensusThis map was engraved and published in Paris, France by P. Croisey, liely based upon cartography provided by Paul Bourcet. The map is rare: We see examples catalogued only in the British Library, the Sachische Landesbibliothek, the University of Bern, and the BNF. We see catalogue records for three examples of this map going back to 1994.
P. Croisey (fl. c. 1765 – c. 1800) was a French line-engraver active in the 18th century. Croisey was based in Versailles, France and is best known for his fine portrait of Marie Antoinette, when Dauphiness. He also maintained a location on Rue Haute-Feuille, Pairs. One of his early trade cards survives in which he describes himself as a geographical engineer and engraver of civil and military architecture, topography, and geography. His wife, Madame Croisey was also an engraver, specializing in music and text. He died around 1800. Learn More...
Jean Claude Bourcet (August 15, 1732 - December 28, 1776) Was a French Officer and military engineer. Bourcet was born in Grenoble, France. He served as chief of fortifications in Pondichéry, the linchpin of France's colony in India during the Seven-Years' War. Bourcet died in Pondichéry. Learn More...
Very good condition. Left margin extended. Original fold lines.
OCLC 556971834. Gole 69.