Totius Africae Accuratissima Tabula.
1685 (undated) 19.25 x 23 in (48.895 x 58.42 cm)
1 : 17000000
A beautiful example of Frederick De Wit's 1685 map of Africa. The map covers all of Africa as well as parts of Arabia, and the adjacent portions of the Atlantic, Indian, and Mediterranean. Cartographically the map is a composite of earlier maps, including Jodocus Hondius's map of 1623, Willem Blaeu's map of 1617, and Visscher's map of 1658. The decorative cartouche, appearing in the lower left, features three Moors and a child on the left, and several African with two children on the right.
This map follows the typical conventions of the period, but does exhibit several advances, mostly derived from judicious borrowing from other maps. The Nile follows the Ptolemaic model drawing its waters from to great lakes in the southern part of the continent, Zembre (Lake Zaire) andZaflan. On the west coast of the continent several Dutch trading stations, including Fort Nassau and Acara, are noted. It is curious that Dutch information from South Africa, nonetheless, are not present. In the Atlantic, here identified as the Oceanus Aethiopicus, the fictional island of Nuestra I. de Santa Helena, a common feature of contemporaneous French maps by Sanson and others, is identified.
This map was published by De Wit in Amsterdam. The map was first issued in 1670 and there are at least six states of the map, the present example being state 4, identifiable by the inclusion of additional information in the interior – such as the inclusion of Biafra, and the lack of a privilege, a kind of early copyright, which was added in the 5th edition.
Frederik de Wit (1629 - 1706) was a Dutch Golden Age cartographer active in the second half of the 17th and the early 18th centuries. De Wit was born of middle class Protestant stock in the western Netherlandish town of Gouda. He relocated to Amsterdam sometime before 1648, when his first engraved map, a plan of Haarlem for Antonius Sanderus' Flandria Illustrata, is recorded. The first chart that De Wit personally both drew and engraved was most likely his 1659 map of Denmark, REGNI DANIÆ Accuratissima delineatio Perfeckte Kaerte van ‘t CONJNCKRYCK DENEMARCKEN . His great wall map of the world and most famous work, Nova Totius Terrarum Orbis Tabula appeared one year later. Following the publication of his wall map De Wit quickly rose in prominence as a both cartographer and engraver. He married Maria van der Way in 1661 and through her became a citizen of Amsterdam in 1662. Around this time he also published his first major atlas, a composite production ranging in size from 17 to over 150 maps and charts. Other atlases and individual maps followed. In 1689 De Wit was granted at 15 year Privilege by the Dutch States General. The Privilege was a kind of early copyright that protected his exclusive rights to print and publish his maps. He was recognized with the honorific 'Good Citizen' in 1694. De Wit died in 1706 after which his wife Maria continued publishing his maps until about 1710. Though De Wit did have a son, Franciscus, he had no interest in the map trade, being a prosperous stockfish merchant. Instead, on her own retirement, Maria sold most De Wit maps and plates at a public auction. Most were acquired by Pieter Mortier and laid the groundwork for the 1721 rise of Covens and Mortier, the largest Dutch cartographic publishing house of the 18th century.
Very good. Verso repairs of centerfold separations. Closed tears professionally repaired on verso. Blank on verso.