This is a fine example of the Adam and Charles Black's 1851 map of Turkey in Asia. Centered on the Holy land (Palestine / Israel), the map covers the modern day countries of Turkey, Cyprus, Iraq, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Lebanon, and Syria. An inset near the bottom margin details the Ruins of Babylon. A. and C. Black issued this map in the last days of the Ottoman empire, whose hegemony, though rapidly declining, still influenced much of the Middle east. Various cities, towns, rivers, mountains and several other topographical details are noted with relief shown in hachures. This map was engraved by George Aikman and issued as plate no. XXXVI in the 1851 edition of Black's General Atlas of the World.
Charles and Adam Black (fl. 1807 - present) were map and book publishers based in Edinburgh. Charles and his uncle, Adam, both of Edinburgh, Scotland, founded their publishing firm in 1807. They published a series of maps and atlases throughout the 19th century. In addition to an array of atlases, the Black firm is known for their editions of the Encyclopedia Britannica (1817 - 1826) and the first publishing of Sir Walter Scott's novels in 1854. In 1889 the A. & C. Black publishing house moved to London where it remains in operation to this day.
George Aikman (December 28, 1788 - October 16, 1865) was a Scottish printer, lithographer, and engraver active in the early 19th century. Aikman most likely apprenticed with his father of the same name, also an engraver, before joining the Edinburgh map and atlas firm of William Lizars. Several years later Aikman established himself independently as "George Aikman and Sons, Engravers and Lithographers", publishing numerous maps and prints in conjunction with the larger firm of William and Charles Black, and others. George Aikman's son, also George (1830 - 1905), became an apprentice with the firm around 1842, and eventually a journeyman engraver in Manchester and London, before returning to Edinburgh to take up a full partnership in the family business. Upon the elder Aikman's death in 1865, George became the sole proprietor of the firm and continued to publish until 1876 when he sold the business to pursue a passion for landscape painting.
Black, A. and C., General Atlas Of The World, (Edinburgh) 1851.
Very good. Minor overall toning. Blank on verso.
Rumsey 2305.041 (1854 edition). Philips (atlases) 4334.