A New Map of the United States of America, from the latest authorities.
18 x 20 in (45.72 x 50.8 cm)
Published by John Cary in 1806, this is one of the most interesting atlas maps of the United States to appear in the early 19th century. Covers the entire United States east of the Mississippi River as well as parts of the Louisiana Territory and Canada. Much of the northwestern part of the United States is enclosed in the gigantic 'Western Territory' encompassing all of modern day Ohio, Indiana, Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois and parts of Minnesota. This area was largely the preserve of American Indian tribes and the occasional fur tapper. Notes many of the American Indian Nations occupying the territory north of the treaty line as defined by General Wayne in 1795. Further south, Georgia is shown extending westward as far as the Mississippi River despite the creation of the Mississippi Territory in 1798. Florida is divided at the Apalachicola River into eastern and western sections. West Florida, ostensibly part of the Louisiana Purchase, was claimed by the Spanish and remained under their control until 1812. Includes copious notes throughout on river navigation, fur trading stations, roads, and forts. All-in-all a wonderful example of a rare and important map of early United States. Prepared in 1806 by John Cary for issue in his magnificent 1808 New Universal Atlas.
John Cary (1754 - 1835) was a London based cartographer active in the early part of the 19th century. Ronald Vere Tooley, the prominent English map historian, writes of Cary, "As an engraver he was elegant and exact with fine clear lettering and great delicacy of touch." Cary began his work as an engraver, cartographer, and globe maker in 1776 with his New and Correct English Atlas. This important atlas represented a new phase in cartography where accuracy and detail rose in prominence over the decorative embellishments of the 18th century. This change was indicative of the times when travel and commerce were expanding globally as never before. Cary's mastery of both engraving and cartography resulted in a series of seminal works that redefined mapmaking in the early 19th century. His stupendous Cary's New Universal Atlas, published in 1808, set the standard for all cartographers who followed. Cary reissued this seminal atlas in 1811, 1819, 1824, 1828, 1833, 1836 and 1844. Cary also did considerable work on the English Ordinance Survey prior to 1805. His cartographic work particularly inspired the Edinburgh school of cartography as represented by John Pinkerton and John Thomson. In America, Cary's work was used as the basis for Tanner's important New American Atlas. Cary's last published atlas appeared posthumously in 1844, however, by 1850 Cary's work was being carried on by his sons and other well-known cartographers including James Wyld, John Tallis & Company, and Crutchley.
Cary, John, Cary's New Universal Atlas, containing distinct maps of all the principal states and kingdoms throughout the World. From the latest and best authorities extant. London: Printed for J. Cary, Engraver and Map-seller, No. 181, near Norfolk Street, Strand, 1808.
Very good condition. Old verso certerfold repair at bottom of map extending 6 inchs or so into map along centerfold - see image. Blank on veso.
Rumsey 1657.056. Checklist of printed maps of the Middle West to 1900, 1-1399 (1811 ed.). Phillips, P. L., A List of Maps of America in the American Library of Congress, p. 876. New York Public Library, Map Division, Map Div. 01-5262.