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1858 Dufour Map of the United States

Mexique Antilles et Californie - Main View

1858 Dufour Map of the United States


Dramatic large format map of the United States showing French and German colonies in Texas.


Mexique Antilles et Californie
  1858 (dated)     22.5 x 30 in (57.15 x 76.2 cm)


A finely detailed large format 1858 map of the United States on Mercator's projection by the French cartographer A. H. Dufour. Convers the entirety of the United States during the brief period following the Gold Rush but before the outbreak of the American Civil War. The European influence of this map can be seen in the French (around San Antonio) and German (near Austin) colonies noted in Texas. Castroville appears as the major town in the 'Col. Française,' which extends west to the Frio River. The 'Col. Allemande' shows the Adelsverein's area between the Colorado and Llano Rivers with Fredericksburg as its primary town. An expansive West Texas presents a very wide Panhandle and Trans-Pecos region. Nebraska extends to the Canadian border. Though this map postdates the Gadsden Purchase, the border is shown in the pre-Gadsden configuration. The eastern border of California is curiously defined by the Sierra Nevada range rather than by straight boundary lines. Interestingly, though clearly a map of the United States, California seems to be the focus of this map and is highlighted appropriately in both the map's title and with vivid full color. Most likely this is a reflection of European interest in the Gold Rush. The two inserts are of the French Caribbean island possessions, the remnants of France's once extensive New World empire. Engraved by Charles Dyonnet for A. H. Dufour's Atlas Universal.


Adolphe Hippolyte Dufour (1795 - 1865), also known as Auguste-Henri Dufour, was a Paris based map and atlas publisher active in the middle to late 19th century. Dufour claimed to be a student of another French cartographer, Emile Lapie. He is known to have worked with numerous other French cartographers, publishers, and engravers of the period including Andriveau-Goujon, Charles Dyonnet, and Duvotenay. His corpus includes numerous maps and atlases, the most striking of which is probably his monumental elephant folio Atlas Universel Physique, Historique et Politique Geographie Ancienne et Moderne. Dufour's student and successor was Alexandre Vuillemin. More by this mapmaker...

Charles Dyonnet (fl. c. 1822 - c. 1880) was an extremely active Paris based engraver working in the mid to late 19th century. From his offices at 220 Rue St. Jacques, Paris, Dyonnet engraved numerous maps for many of the most prominent 19th French cartographic publishers including Vuillemin, Dufour, Fremin and Duvotenay. From 1850-1861, he held the coveted position of "Graveur du Dépot de la Marine," and in this position engraved numerous French naval and military maps. Dyonnet had a detail oriented and aesthetically minded hand and is responsible from some of the most beautiful French maps to emerge during the 19th century. Learn More...


Dufour, A. H., Atlas Universel, (Paris) 1858.    


Very good. Original centerfold. Blank on verso.