Map of the World on the Mercator Projection, Exhibiting the American Continent at its Centre.
1860 (dated) 14 x 18 in (35.56 x 45.72 cm)
A fine example of Mitchell's 1864 map of the World on Mercator Projection. The American continent is presented at the center of the map. Shows the routes of important explorers including Cook, the Us Exploring expedition, the Resolution, Ross, Gore and Clark. In Africa, Lake Victoria makes one of its first appearances in an American map but is labeled, simply, 'Inner Sea.' This represents an update from the 1860 version despite the fact that the copyright has not been changed. Antarctica is depicted only in the most fragmentary way, referencing the world of the U. S. Exploring Expedition as well as Cook's discoveries. One of the most attractive American atlas maps of the world to appear in the mid 19th century. Features the floral border typical of Mitchell maps from the 1860-65 period. Prepared by S. A. Mitchell for inclusion in the 1864 issue of Mitchell's New General Atlas. Dated and copyrighted, 'Entered according to Act of Congress in the Year 1860 by S. A. Mitchell Jr. in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the U.S. for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.'
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (March 20, 1792 - December 20, 1868) began his map publishing career in the early 1830s. Having worked as a school teacher, Mitchell was frustrated with the low quality and inaccuracy of school texts of the period. His first maps were an attempt to rectify this problem. In the next 20 years Mitchell would become the most prominent American map publisher of the mid-19th century. Mitchell worked with prominent engravers J. H. Young, H. S. Tanner, and H. N. Burroughs before attaining the full copyright on his maps in 1847. In 1849 Mitchell either partnered with or sold his plates to Thomas, Cowperthwait and Company who continued to publish the Mitchell's Universal Atlas and Mitchell's General Atlas. By about 1856 most of the Mitchell copyrights were bought by Charles Desilver who continued to publish his maps, many with modified borders and color schemes, until Mitchell's son, Samuel Augustus Mitchell Junior, entered the picture. In 1859, S.A. Mitchell Jr. purchased most of the copyrights back from Desilver and, from 1860 on, published his own New General Atlas. The younger Mitchell became as prominent as his father and published atlases well into the late 1880s when most of the copyrights were again sold and the Mitchell firm closed its doors for the final time.
Mitchell's New General Atlas, containing Maps of the Various Countries of the World, Plans of Cities, Etc., Embraced in Fifty-three Quarto Maps, forming a series of Eighty-Four Map and Plans, together with Valuable Statistical Tables. (1864 Edition)
Very good condition. Minor discoloration on original centerfold. Blank on verso.
Rumsey 0565.002 (1860 edition). Phillips (Atlases) 831. New York Public Library, Map Division, 1510791.