A beautiful example of S. A. Mitchell Jr.'s 1860 decorative double hemisphere map of the world. Upper part of the map depicts the world's great rivers in relative proximity to one another with regard to distance and course. The lower half of the map includes three additional world maps: a hemisphere map on polar projection, a land and water hemisphere projection, and a map of the northern polar regions. Features the floral style border common in Mitchell's atlas maps issued between 1860 and 1869. Prepared by S. A. Mitchell Jr. for inclusion as plate 1 in the 1860 issue of Mitchell's New General Atlas. Dated and copyrighted, 'Entered according to Act of Congress in the Year 1861 by S. Augustus Mitchell Jr. in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the U.S. for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.'
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (March 20, 1792 - December 20, 1868) began his map publishing career in the early 1830s. Having worked as a school teacher, Mitchell was frustrated with the low quality and inaccuracy of school texts of the period. His first maps were an attempt to rectify this problem. In the next 20 years Mitchell would become the most prominent American map publisher of the mid-19th century. Mitchell worked with prominent engravers J. H. Young, H. S. Tanner, and H. N. Burroughs before attaining the full copyright on his maps in 1847. In 1849 Mitchell either partnered with or sold his plates to Thomas, Cowperthwait and Company who continued to publish the Mitchell's Universal Atlas. By about 1856 most of the Mitchell plates and copyrights were acquired by Charles Desilver who continued to publish the maps, many with modified borders and color schemes, until Mitchell's son, Samuel Augustus Mitchell Junior, entered the picture. In 1859, S.A. Mitchell Jr. purchased most of the plates back from Desilver and introduced his own floral motif border. From 1860 on, he published his own editions of the New General Atlas. The younger Mitchell became as prominent as his father, publishing maps and atlases until 1887, when most of the copyrights were again sold and the Mitchell firm closed its doors for the final time. Learn More...
Mitchell Jr., S. A., Mitchell's New General Atlas, 1860 edition.
Good. A light water stain is evident through the left half of the map - see image. Some marginal foxing. Even overall toning.
Rumsey 2483.001 (1870 Edition). Phillips (Atlases) 831-16. New York Public Library, Map Division 1510790.