This is a lovely 1871 manuscript map of Switzerland and Southern Germany by J. C. Sikkel. It cover Germany from Mainz (Mayne or Maine) south to include all of Switzerland and depict the semi-autonomous kingdoms, duchies and Prussian territories of southern Germany. These include Bavaria, Baden, and Wurttemberg (Wirtemberg). Territories are color coded and topography is beautifully rendered throughout. Important towns, cities, and provinces are noted throughout.
The Congress of Vienna in 1815 created The German Confederation to coordinate the economies of the separate but culturally related German-speaking countries. It briefly dissolved during the Revolution of 1948, but was re-established in 1850. Nonetheless the rivalry between the two powerful states increased until it finally broke out into the Austro-Prussian War. Prussia won the Austro-Prussian War in 1866 which ultimately led to the collapse of the German Confederation. A few years later, in 1871, most of the former Confederation states were folded into the newly proclaimed German Empire.
Features wonderful and whimsical overall presentation. This map was drawn in 1871 by J.C. Sikkel as part of Der Atlas Geheele Aarde.
Schoolgirl maps began appearing in England and the United States in the later part of the 18th and the early 19th century. These wonderful, fascinating, and often whimsical maps are the product of a radical change in the education of women taking place at this time. Girl's schools, which formally concentrated only on the "womanly arts," began to see a need to education women in such subjects as geography, mathematics, and science. This transition occurred at a period of globalization, prosperity, and colonization. Men were ever more frequently called away from home by the exigencies of war, economy, and the administration of global empires. Women were thus left in control of their lives and finances on the home front. The education system of the period responded to these changes by advancing studies for women in history, geography, and hard sciences. Unfortunately, many of these progressive schools were highly underfunded and lacked proper educational materials such as maps and books. One way of adapting was to learn geography by copying maps and atlases borrowed from other institutions. Schoolgirl maps appear in a variety of formats, including embroidery, painting on cloth, and drawings on paper, ivory, and wood. Many schoolgirl maps are must be considered as much folk art as cartography.
Very good. Minor spotting.