J. B. Lippincott and Co. (1836-2002) was an American publishing house founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1836 by Joshua Ballinger Lippincott. It became the J. B. Lippincott Company in 1878, which was acquired by Harper and Row Publishers in 1978. In 1995, Wolters Klumer N.V. of the Netherlands acquired the company, which became Lippincott-Raven Publishers in 1996 and Lippincott Williams and Wilkins in 1998. In 2002, the firm ceased to exist and became Wolters Kluwer Health.