Cologne Ville Considerable Situee Sur le bord Occidentale du Rhein Capit. de l'Electorat de meme nom.
1705 (dated) 9.5 x 14 in (24.13 x 35.56 cm)
1 : 11000
This is a beautiful 1705 Nicholas de Fer map of the walled city of Cologne, Germany. Oriented with North to the right, this map identifies the location of the city on the banks of the Rhine River. Originally the capital city of the Roman province Germania Inferior, Cologne was established in 50 AD. The medieval city wall surrounding the city was built in 1180 and enclosed the Free Imperial City for 600 years. Of the original 12 city gates, only Eigelsteintorburg, Hahnentorburg, Severinstorburg and Ulrepforte remain to this day. The remains of Bayen, the medieval tower and the city wall at Gereonswall can also been seen today.
This map identifies various streets, churches and other notes other topographical details throughout. This map created by Nicholas de Fer in 1705.
Nicholas de Fer (1646 - 1720) was the son of cartographer Antoine de Fer. Nicholas was established as an engraver, cartographer, and map publisher in Paris. De Fer was a prolific cartographer with over 600 maps and atlases to his credit. De Fer's work, though replete with geographical errors, earned a large following because of its considerable decorative appeal. In the late 17th century, De Fer's fame culminated in his appointment as Geographe de le Dauphin, a position that offered him unprecedented access to the most up to date new cartographic information. This was a partner position to another simultaneously held by the more scientific geographer Guillaume Delisle, Premier Geograph de Roi. Despite very different cartographic approaches, Delisle and De Fer seem to have stepped carefully around one another and were rarely publicly at odds. Upon his death in 1720, Nicolas was succeeded by two of his sons-in-law, Guillaume Danet and Jacques-Francois Danet, and their heirs, who continued to publisher under the De Fer imprint until about 1760.
Very good. Original platemark visible. Blank on verso. Minor overall toning.