1752 Vaugondy Map of Brabant (Part of Holland and Belgium)
Description: This is an attractive map of the Duchy of Brabant by Robert de Vaugondy. The map depicts part of modern day Belgium and the Netherlands, which was at the time this map was made, part of the Duchy of Brabant. It covers from Bergen op Zoom (Berg-op-Zoom) east as far as Venlo in the Netherlands and from Gorinchem (Gorcum) in The Netherlands south to Zichen, Belgium. The cities of Breda, Mechelen, Bergen op Zoom, Antwerp (Anvers), Liere, Venlo, Beringen etc. are also noted. The entire region in extraordinary detailed, offering both topographical and political information, with forests and mountains beautifully rendered in profile.
The Duchy of Brabant, established in the late 12th century by the Holy Roman Empire was an important region of the Low Counties and was part of the Habsburg Netherlands, until the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, which ended the Thirty Years' War and the Eighty Years' War. Brabant would be divided with the its northern portion becoming part of the United Provinces and the southern portion remaining part of Spanish Netherlands, and later the Austrian Netherlands. It would eventually be dissolved in 1795, when Napoleonic forces invaded and set up a new French client state, the Batavian Republic.
A beautifully engraved title cartouche adorns the upper left. Issued in the 1757 issue of the Atlas Universal. The Atlas Universal was one of the first atlases based upon actual surveys. Therefore, this map is highly accurate (for the period) and has most contemporary town names correct, though historic names are, in many cases, incorrect or omitted.
Date: 1752 (dated)
Source: Vaugondy, R., Atlas Universel (Paris) 1757.
References: Rumsey 3353.051. Pedley, Mary Sponberg Belle et Utile: The Work of the Robert de Vaugondy Family of Mapmakers, 195.
Cartographer: Gilles (1688 - 1766) and Didier (c. 1723 - 1786) Robert de Vaugondy were map publishers, engravers, and cartographers active in Paris during the mid-18th century. The father and son team were the inheritors to the important Sanson cartographic firm whose stock supplied much of their initial material. Graduating from Sanson's map's Gilles, and more particularly Didier, began to produce their own substantial corpus of work. Vaugondys were well respected for the detail and accuracy of their maps in which they made excellent use of the considerable resources available in 18th century Paris to produce the most accurate and fantasy-free maps possible. The Vaugondys compiled each map based upon their own superior geographic knowledge, scholarly research, the journals of contemporary explorers and missionaries, and direct astronomical observation - moreover, unlike many cartographers of this period, they commonly took pains to reference their source material. Nevertheless, even in 18th century Paris geographical knowledge was severely limited - especially regarding those unexplored portions of the world, including the poles, the Pacific northwest of America, and the interior of Africa and South America. In these areas the Vaugondys, like their rivals De L'Isle and Buache, must be considered speculative geographers. Speculative geography was a genre of mapmaking that evolved in Europe, particularly Paris, in the middle to late 18th century. Cartographers in this genre would fill in unknown areas on their maps with speculations based upon their vast knowledge of cartography, personal geographical theories, and often dubious primary source material gathered by explorers and navigators. This approach, which attempted to use the known to validate the unknown, naturally engendered many rivalries. Vaugondy's feuds with other cartographers, most specifically Phillipe Buache, resulted in numerous conflicting papers being presented before the Academie des Sciences, of which both were members. The era of speculatively cartography effectively ended with the late 18th century explorations of Captain Cook, Jean Francois de Galaup de La Perouse, and George Vancouver. Click here for a list of rare maps by Gilles and Didier Robert de Vaugondy.
Size: Printed area measures 23.5 x 19.5 inches (59.69 x 49.53 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 220000
Condition: Very good. Original platemark visible. Minor wear and verso reinforcement along original centerfold. Some creasing on both sides of centerfold. Minor foxing in margins.
Code: DucheDeBrabant-vaugondy-1752 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
Tags: Vaugondy , Western Europe , Holy Roman Empire