A Map of the Peninsula of India from the 19th Degree North Latitude to Cape Comorin.
1800 (dated) 40 x 33 in (101.6 x 83.82 cm)
This is James Rennell's magnificent mapping of the Indian subcontinent, one of the largest and most impressive maps of India to appear in the 18th century. Highly desirable third edition. Presented in two panels, as issued. This chart depicts the subcontinent from Bombay ( Mumbai ) and Aurangabad, south including the northern half of Sri Lanka (Ceylon). Color coded according to political territory, noting British Possessions (red), the territory claimed by the independent holdout Rajah of Mysore (Purple), the Marhatta Countries (Green), the Nizam Dominions (Orange), the Carnatick (Yellow), and the Travancore (Blue). Includes the routes of various military marches and campaigns relating to the British conquest of India, including the 1784 March of British Prisoners from Condapoor to Madras, the march of the Marquis of Cornwallis, the march of General Medows, and the march of General Abercromby. Also shows the acquisitions of the British through the Partition Treaty of 1792. This map was engraved by R. Baker and printed in by William Faden, 'Royal Geographer to the King and to the Prince of Wales.' The whole is masterfully presented in visually stunning almost three dimensional engraving and stunning period color. A must for any serious collection of South Asia maps. Compiled by James Rennell from papers communicated by the late Sir Archibald Campbell, the surveys of Col. Kelly, Capt. Pringle, Capt. Allan, etc.
James Rennell (1742 -1830) is known as the Father of Indian Geography". Rennell was born near Chudleigh in Devon, England. At the tender age of 14 he joined the British Navy and served in the Seven Year War. Following the war he left the navy and joined the army of the British East Indian company where he was appointed surveyor of the Company's dominions in Bengal with a rank of Captain in the Bengal Engineers. Rennell was fascinated with the cartography of India and using both colonial and Indian sources composed the first accurate European maps of India. The fascinating saga of his venture can be found in Rennell's own book entitled "Memoir of the Map of Hindoostan", published in 1788 and available electronically for free through Google. Rennell is also called the "Father of Oceanography" for his work charting ocean currents in the Indian and Ocean and around Africa. Rennell retired as a Major with a pension of 600 Sterling per annum.
William Faden (1750 - 1836) was an English Cartographer and publisher of the late 18th century. Faden worked under the direction of Thomas Jefferys. Jefferys held the position as "Geographer to the King and to the Prince of Wales", and upon his death in 1771, this position passed to William Faden. By 1822 Faden published over 350 known maps, atlases, and military plans. Faden had a particular interest in the mapping of North America and is best known for his important publication of the North American Atlas. William Faden is also well known for his publication of the first maps for the British Ordnance Survey in 1801. Following his death in 1836 Faden's firm was taken over by James Wyld.
Faden, W., General Atlas, 1800.
Very good, near fine, example. Original centerfold. Extremely light offsetting. A couple of minor spots to the outer margins. A couple of period notations regarding the colonial activity in the region, some in pen, some in pencil. In two panels, as issued, but can be joined upon request.
Rumsey 2104.047, 2104.048. Phillips (atlases) 6010, 6013, 6047. National Library of Australia, MAP RM 1792. Rennell, James, Memoir of a Map of Hindoostan; or the Mogul Empire, London, 1792. Edney, M. H., Mapping an Empire: The Geographical Fonstruction of British India, 1765-1843.