1702 De Fer Map of West Indies and the Caribbean
Description: This is a scarce and attractive 1702 map of the West Indies by Nicholas De Fer. It covers the Caribbean from the eastern coast of Yucatan east as far as Barbados and from the southern tip of Florida south to Trinidad and Tobago. Includes Cuba, the Bahamas, Puerto Rico, Jamaica, Santo Domingo, and the Lesser Antilles. Renders the region in detail offering both topographical and political information. Florida is misshapen with no trace of the Keys. A note near Florida and Cuba references the Gulf Stream as always flowing north. Further south, the West Indies are fairly well mapped suggesting a relative accurate picture of the islands. There are several references to the explorations of Christopher Columbus. This map was engraved by Harmanus van Loon and created by Nicholas De Fer for his 1702 atlas of Spanish possessions.
Date: 1702 (dated)
Source: Fer, Nicholas de, Cartes et Descriptions Generales et Particulieres pour l'intelligence des affaires du temps, au sujet de la Succession de la Couronne d'Espagne, en Europe, en Asie, Afrique, et Amerique, (Paris) 1702.
References: OCLC 867144107.
Cartographer: Nicholas de Fer (1646 - 1720) was the son of cartographer Antoine de Fer. Nicholas was established as an engraver, cartographer, and map publisher in Paris. De Fer was a prolific cartographer with over 600 maps and atlases to his credit. De Fer's work, though replete with geographical errors, earned a large following because of its considerable decorative appeal. In the late 17th century, De Fer's fame culminated in his appointment as Geographe de le Dauphin, a position that offered him unprecedented access to the most up to date new cartographic information. This was a partner position to another simultaneously held by the more scientific geographer Guillaume Delisle, Premier Geograph de Roi. Despite very different cartographic approaches, Delisle and De Fer seem to have stepped carefully around one another and were rarely publicly at odds. Upon his death in 1720, Nicolas was succeeded by two of his sons-in-law, Guillaume Danet and Jacques-Francois Danet, and their heirs, who continued to publisher under the De Fer imprint until about 1760. Click here for a list of rare maps from Nicholas de Fer.
Cartographer: Harmanus van Loon (fl. c. 1690 - c. 1725) was a Flemish engraver active in Paris during the late 17th and early 18th centuries. Van Loon worked primarily in Paris and often signed his work, which includes maps and other engravings for such prominent cartographers as Nicolas de Fer, Jean Baptiste Nolin, Guillaume Delisle, and others. There is some speculation that he may have been related to the Brussels born painter Theodorus van Loon. Click here for a list of rare maps by H. Van Loon.
Size: Printed area measures 13.5 x 9.5 inches (34.29 x 24.13 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 11000000
Condition: Very good. Minor wear along original centerfold. Original platemark visible. Minor overall toning and some spotting. Top margin cut off.
Code: LAmeriqueDAntilles-defer-1702 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
Tags: De Fer , West Indies