Engineer Special Study of the Surface of the Moon, Lunar Rays.
1961 (dated) 40 x 52 in (101.6 x 132.08 cm)
A 1961 landmark study of the Moon made by the U.S. Geological Survey in preparation for the Apollo 11 Lunar Landing Mission. Represents the near side of the Moon on a scale of 1:3,800,000. This spectacular monumentally proportioned map details the physical geography of the moon, noting craters, seas, mountains, and other formations with special attention to 'lunar rays.' Lunar rays are the steaks of fine ejecta, appearing almost like the spokes of a wheel, surrounding many of the moon's largest impact craters. The work done in compiling this map led Hackman to develop the basis for all future planetary mapping. Author C. Clarke's lunar explorers used this map for their 'Journey by Earthlight' in 2001: A Space Odyssey. Originally prepared by the scientists Robert J. Hackman and Arnold C. Mason in 1960 based on photographs taken at Lick Observatory, San Jose, California. This is the second edition issued in 1961.
The Office of the Coast Survey (later the U.S. Geodetic Survey), founded in 1807 by President Thomas Jefferson and Secretary of Commerce Albert Gallatin, is the oldest scientific organization in the U.S. Federal Government. Jefferson created the "Survey of the Coast," as it was then called, in response to a need for accurate navigational charts of the new nation's coasts and harbors. The first superintendent of the Coast Survey was Swiss immigrant and West Point mathematics professor Ferdinand Hassler. Under the direction of Hassler, from 1816 to 1843, the ideological and scientific foundations for the Coast Survey were established. Hassler, and the Coast Survey under him developed a reputation for uncompromising dedication to the principles of accuracy and excellence. Hassler lead the Coast Survey until his death in 1843, at which time Alexander Dallas Bache, a great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, took the helm. Under the leadership A. D. Bache, the Coast Survey did most of its most important work. During his Superintendence, from 1843 to 1865, Bache was steadfast advocate of American science and navigation and in fact founded the American Academy of Sciences. Bache was succeeded by Benjamin Pierce who ran the Survey from 1867 to 1874. Pierce was in turn succeeded by Carlile Pollock Patterson who was Superintendent from 1874 to 1881. In 1878, under Patterson's superintendence, the U.S. Coast Survey was reorganized as the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (C & GS or USGS) to accommodate topographic as well as nautical surveys. Today the Coast Survey is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or NOAA.
Hackman, R. & Mason, A., Engineer Special Study of the Surface of the Moon, 1861 (2nd edition).
Near flawless. Original folds. No damage or discoloration of any sort.
Clarke, A. C., 2001: A Space Odyssey, 'Journey by Earthlight'. Lunar and Planetary Institute, USGS I 351.