The Course of the River St. Laurence, from Lake Ontario to Manicouagan Point.
1814 (undated) 16.5 x 9.26 in (41.91 x 23.5204 cm)
1 : 1251500
A fine example of John Thomson's 1814 map of the St. Lawrence River from Lake Ontario to Manicouagan Point, Quebec, Canada. Divided into two sections. The left section covers the river from Manicouagan Point to Quebec City. The right section continues along the course of the river from Quebec City to Lake Ontario. The Richelieu River, which connects the St. Lawrence to Lake Champlain is also included in this section. Includes both Quebec City and Montreal.
The St. Lawrence River was a critical artery for British Canada and remains an important shipping lane to this day. Thomson no doubt planned this map to capitalize on interest in the river in England spurred by events in the American Revolutionary War and the more recent War of 1812.
This is the first edition of Thomson's map from the 1814 edition of the General Atlas. Subsequent editions were published in 1817 and 1826.
Thomson's New General Atlas was first published in 1817 and continued to be published until about 1821. This is the first of Thomson's major cartographic works and the atlas for which is most celebrated. The New General Atlas follows in the Edinburgh School, which eschews excessive decoration in favor of a more minimalized fact -based cartographic vision, as established by John Pinkerton and others in the previous decades. The maps are notable for their massive scale, heavy stock, elegant color work, and easy-to-read typefaces. Although the atlas stopped being published after 1821, Thomson continued to offer 'supplementary' maps that could be tipped into the atlas as late as 1830, when he declared bankruptcy. The maps in the Thomson Atlas were engraved by Thomas Clerk, William Dassauville, Nathaniel Rogers Hewitt, James Kirkwood, Robert Kirkwood, John Menzies, George Menzies, Edward Mitchell, John Moffatt, Samuel John Neele, Robert Scott, and James Wyld.John Thomson (fl. 1804 - 1837) was a Scottish cartographer, publisher and bookbinder active in Edinburgh during the early part of the 19th century. Thomson is generally one of the leading masters of the Edinburgh school of cartography which flourished from roughly 1800 to 1830. Thomson & his contemporaries (Pinkerton & Cary) redefined European cartography by abandoning typical 18th century decorative elements such as elaborate title cartouches and fantastic beasts in favor of detail and accuracy. Thomson's principle works include the Thomson's New General Atlas, published from 1814 to 1821 and his Atlas of Scotland. The "Atlas of Scotland, a work of groundbreaking detail and dedication would eventually bankrupt the Thomson firm in 1830. Today Thomson maps are becoming increasingly rare as they are highly admired for their monumental size, vivid hand coloration, and superb detail.
Thomson, J. A New General Atlas, (Edinburgh) 1814.
Very good. Some offsetting.
Rumsey 1007.061 (1817 edition). Newberry Library: Ayer 135 T4 1817 no. 55.