1853 Cruchley Map of Syria
Description: This is an appealing 1853 map of Syria issued by George Frederick Cruchley. It covers from Tripoli to the Dead Sea and includes the modern day countries of Lebanon, Israel, Jordan and Syria. The sites of numerous ancient ruins and monuments are identified as are cities with ancient and contemporary place names. The map is color coded according to regions and territories with relief shown by hachures. Major towns, rivers, mountains, and other topographical features are also noted.
This time in history marks the decline of the Ottoman empire. Syria was part of the Ottoman Empire, but largely ignored by world affairs. The map notes the administrative divisions of the Ottoman Empire which include the Pachalic of Gaza, Pachalic of Acre, Pachalic of Tripoli and the Pachalic of Damascus.
Cruchley's General Atlas was unique for its period, employing a vivid color scheme extending even to the oceans, distinctive typography, and various uncommon decorative elements including a peacock feather crown and an imprint medallion, both of which break the printed border. Though many of the maps in this atlas are copyrighted in 1841, the atlas was first published in 1843 from the Cruchley office at 81 Fleet Street, London, and proving popular went through numerous reissues well into the 1850s.
Date: 1853 (dated)
Source: Cruchley, G. F., Cruchley's General Atlas, for the use of Schools and Private Tuition, London, 1853.
Cartographer: George Frederick Cruchley (April 23, 1797 - June 16, 1880) was a London based book and map seller active in the middle part of the 19th century. Cruchley began his cartographic career as an apprentice at the venerable Aaroon Arrowsmith firm. Many of Cruchley's earliest maps bear the words "From Arrowsmith's" on the imprint. In 1844 Cruchley acquired the massive stock of the important early 19th century firm of John Cary. Cruchley published his own maps as well as reissues of Cary's stock well into the 1870s. Cruchely is best known for his detailed plans of London, which in recent years have become increasingly scarce and desirable. Cruchley was based in London on 38 Ludgate Street until 1834 when he moved his offices to 81 Fleet Street. Shortly before his death in 1880 Cruchely auctioned (Hodgson's Auctions, Jan 16, 1877) his entire stock. Many of his map plates were thusly acquired by Gall and Inglis who continued the Cruchley tradition well into the early 20th century. Cruchley's son, also George Frederick (1837 - 1882), also continued to work as a book and map seller until his death. Click here for a list of rare maps by G. F. Cruchley.
Size: Printed area measures 15 x 18 inches (38.1 x 45.72 centimeters)
Scale: 1 : 1250000
Condition: Very good. Minor wear along original centerfold. Blank on verso.
Code: Syria-cruchley-1853 (to order by phone call: 646-320-8650)
Tags: Cruchley , Ottoman Empire