The Circle of Swabia, Drawn from the Best Authorities.
1793 (dated) 9.5 x 11.5 in (24.13 x 29.21 cm)
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This is a beautifully detailed 1792 map of Swabia, Germany by Robert Wilkinson. It cover the region from Mannheim south to Oberstdorf and from the Rhine east as far as Augsburg. The map notes several important towns and cities, rivers, mountains and forests throughout.
Prior to the French Revolutionary Wars and the Congress of Vienna, the Holy Roman Empire's Circle of Swabia was bordered by Franconia, Bavaria, Palatinate, France and Switzerland. Since the Reformation, the region had been one of the most divided in Europe, with secular princes and Free Cities becoming Protestant, and the ecclesiastical territories (including the bishoprics of Augsburg, Konstanz and others) remaining Catholic, as did the territories belonging to the Habsburgs, Hohenzollerns and the Margrave of Baden-Baden. The Napoleonic Wars dissolved the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, leading to Germany's eventual consolidation in 1871. With a reputation for being extremely serious and hardworking, Swabia has produced many famous native sons-- Einstein, Brecht, Hegel, Kepler, and of course, Roland Emmerich.
Engraved by Thomas Conder and issued as plate no. 23 in the 1792 edition of Robert Wilkinson's General Atlas.
Robert Wilkinson (fl. c. 1758 - 1825) was a London based map and atlas publisher active in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Most of Wilkinson's maps were derived from the earlier work of John Bowles, one of the preeminent English map publishers of the 18th century. Wilkinson's acquired the Bowles map plate library following that cartographer's death in 1779. Wilkinson updated and retooled the Bowles plates over several years until, in 1794, he issued his first fully original atlas, The General Atlas of the World. This popular atlas was profitably reissued in numerous editions until about 1825 when Wilkinson died. In the course of his nearly 45 years in the map and print trade, Wilkinson issued also published numerous independently issued large format wall, case, and folding maps. Wilkinson's core cartographic corpus includes Bowen and Kitchin's Large English Atlas (1785), Speer's West Indies (1796), Atlas Classica (1797), and the General Atlas of the World (1794, 1802, and 1809), as well as independent issue maps of New Holland (1820), and North America ( 1823). Wilkinson's offices were based at no. 58 Cornhill, London form 1792 to 1816, following which he relocated to 125 Frenchurch Street, also in London, where he remained until 1823. Following his 1825 death, Wilkinson's business and map plates were acquired by William Darton, an innovative map publisher who reissued the General Atlas with his own imprint well into the 19th century.
Thomas Conder (1747 - June 1831) was an English map engraver and bookseller active in London during the late 17th and early 18th centuries. From his shop at 30 Bucklersbury, London, Conder produced a large corpus of maps and charts, usually in conjunction with other publishers of his day, including Wilkinson, Moore, Kitchin, and Walpole. Unfortunately few biographical facts regarding Conder's life have survived. Thomas Conder was succeeded by his son Josiah Conder who, despite being severely blinded by smallpox, followed in his father's footsteps as a bookseller and author of some renown.
Wilkinson, R., A General Atlas being A Collection of Maps of the World and Quarters the Principal Empires, Kingdoms, etc. with their several Provinces, and other Subdivisions, Correctly Delineated, (London) 1792.
Very good. Original platemark visible. Blank on verso.