Battlefield in front of Franklin, Tenn. where the United States Forces, consisting of the 4th and 23rd Corp and the Cavalry Corps M.D.M., all under the command of Maj. Gen'l J.M. Schofield, severely repulsed the Confederate Army, commanded by Lt. Gen'l Hood November 30th 1864.
1874 (dated) 28.5 x 19 in (72.39 x 48.26 cm)
1 : 10560
This is a separate issue 1874 William Emery Merrill map of the Battle of Franklinduring the American Civil War. Founded in a bend of the Harpeth River, Franklin, Tennessee and its environs are depicted here in incredible detail. Stretching from Dr. Ewing's homestead on the left to S. C. Owen's homestead on the right and from Mrs. Eweler's house near the top to the Kirkpatrick estate near the bottom, numerous homesteads, houses, and settlements are labeled with their owner's name throughout and, within Franklin itself, the individual streets are illustrated and labeled. Even more detail is added through the illustration of roads and railroads, and detailed topography is included and shown by hachure. Union and Confederate forces are illustrated in their battle lines, predominantly to the southeast of Franklin, with the Union forces colored blue and Confederate forces shaded in red.
The Battle of Franklin
The Battle of Franklin, which took place on November 30, 1864, was one of the worst disasters of the war for the Confederate States Army. Led by Lieutenant General John Bell Hood, Confederate forces attacked a fortified Union force and was unable to dislodge the Union soldiers from the position. Although the Confederates exploited a gap in Union fortifications at the beginning of the battle, they were unable to fully take advantage of the break through. The battle ended in a Union counterattack and, essentially, a stalemate, as the Confederates ended the day almost exactly where they had started it. Confederate casualties at least doubled, if not tripled, those suffered by the Union army, and, under the cover of darkness, Union forces abandoned Franklin and continued their very organized retreat to Nashville, where they reinforced an already strong Union defensive line.
This map was compiled under the direction of William Emery Merrill from surveys made by Major James R. Willett, and Major T.J.L. Remington and was published by orde4r of the Secretary of War in the Office of the Chief of Engineers of the U.S. Army. While represented in institutional collections, this map is rarely seen on the market.
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