This is a 1938 U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey nautical chart or maritime map of Luzon in the Philippine Islands. The map depicts the region from the China Sea to the Pacific Ocean and from extreme southern Taiwan to Manila and Manila Bay. Highly detailed, myriad depth soundings are indicated throughout. Locations all along the coast of Luzon are labeled, such as mountains, towns, capes, and points. Manila and Corregidor Island are both identified and would soon become foci for the Pacific War only a few years after this map was published. The Bataan Peninsula, another site associated with the Japanese invasion and occupation during World War II, however, is not labeled. Numerous islands are labeled all along the coast of Luzon and north to Taiwan, including the Polillo Islands on the eastern side of Luzon not far from Manila, and the Babuyan Islands and Batan Islands in the Luzon Strait. Notes commenting on currents, tides, and abbreviations used on the map are included.
Publication History and CensusThis map was created by the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey and published in 1938. Only one example is cataloged in the OCLC, and is part of the collection at Stanford University.
The Office of the Coast Survey (1807 - present) founded in 1807 by President Thomas Jefferson and Secretary of Commerce Albert Gallatin, is the oldest scientific organization in the U.S. Federal Government. Jefferson created the "Survey of the Coast," as it was then called, in response to a need for accurate navigational charts of the new nation's coasts and harbors. The spirit of the Coast Survey was defined by its first two superintendents. The first superintendent of the Coast Survey was Swiss immigrant and West Point mathematics professor Ferdinand Hassler. Under the direction of Hassler, from 1816 to 1843, the ideological and scientific foundations for the Coast Survey were established. These included using the most advanced techniques and most sophisticated equipment as well as an unstinting attention to detail. Hassler devised a labor intensive triangulation system whereby the entire coast was divided into a series of enormous triangles. These were in turn subdivided into smaller triangulation units that were then individually surveyed. Employing this exacting technique on such a massive scale had never before been attempted. Consequently, Hassler and the Coast Survey under him developed a reputation for uncompromising dedication to the principles of accuracy and excellence. Unfortunately, despite being a masterful surveyor, Hassler was abrasive and politically unpopular, twice losing congressional funding for the Coast Survey. Nonetheless, Hassler led the Coast Survey until his death in 1843, at which time Alexander Dallas Bache, a great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, took the helm. Bache was fully dedicated to the principles established by Hassler, but proved more politically astute and successfully lobbied Congress to liberally fund the endeavor. Under the leadership of A. D. Bache, the Coast Survey completed its most important work. Moreover, during his long tenure with the Coast Survey, from 1843 to 1865, Bache was a steadfast advocate of American science and navigation and in fact founded the American Academy of Sciences. Bache was succeeded by Benjamin Pierce who ran the Survey from 1867 to 1874. Pierce was in turn succeeded by Carlile Pollock Patterson who was Superintendent from 1874 to 1881. In 1878, under Patterson's superintendence, the U.S. Coast Survey was reorganized as the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (C & GS) to accommodate topographic as well as nautical surveys. Today the Coast Survey is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or NOAA as the National Geodetic Survey.
Good. Soiling. Wear along original fold lines. Cut to neat line. Verso repair at fold intersection. Manuscript on recto and verso. Blank on verso.
Stanford University Library G8061 .P5N 1938 .U4. OCLC 914130997.