Tableau Comparatif et Figure de La Hauteur des Principales Montagnes et du Cours des Principaux Fleuves due Monde.
1836 (dated) 22 x 35 in (55.88 x 88.9 cm)
This is Andriveau and Goujon's 1838 comparative mountains and rivers chart. This extraordinary chart is considered the highest expression of the mountains and rivers convention as developed in the 19th century. No mountains and rivers chart before or after presents such a vast, detailed, and beautifully rendered tableau. Though roughly based upon Bulla's 1826 Tableau Comparatif, Andriveau and Goujon here develop the comparative mountains and rivers chart considerably by adding numerous topographical and geological notations, updating the older chart with regard to new information, redrawing the waterfalls section, incorporating textual data to either side of the chart proper, and adding a sub sea level element. Even the ballooning feat of Gay-Lussac who attained an altitude of 7000 meters in 1808 is noted.
The comparative mountains section, occupying the lower right half of this chart, details the principle mountains of the world. Ranges are color coded to show different types of vegetation and numerically reference tables to the left and right of the chart proper. The elevation of a number of important cities including Paris, Rome, London, Geneva, Mexico, Bogota, and Quito, among others, is noted. There are also extensive notations on vegetation, volcanic activity, and lichen, much of which is no doubt influenced by Humboldt. The Himalayan peak Dhaulagiri is identified as the world's greatest mountain. A waterfall chart occupies the extreme bottom right with the Pyrenean waterfall of Gavarnie identified as the world's highest.
The upper left portion of this chart is dominated by the world's greatest rivers. Andriveau and Goujon attempt not only to express the lengths of the various rivers, but also details regarding their course and sources. All along each river important lakes, cities, directions, and distance measurements are noted. Here the Amazon is identified as the world's greatest river at 1507 km, followed by the Mississippi at 1687 km. The Nile comes up a sad third at 1611 km even though its full length had yet to be explored.
This is a rare opportunity to own one of the finest comparative mountains and rivers charts to appear in the 19th century.
J. Andriveau and J. Goujon (fl. 1805-94), working collectively as Andriveau-Goujon, were among the most prominent cartographic publishers in 19th century France. Maps by Andriveau-Goujon are often confusing to identify as they can be alternately singed J. Goujon, J. Andriveau, J.Andriveau-Goujon or simply Andriveau-Goujon. They published numerous pocket maps and atlases throughout the 19th century and often worked with other prominent French cartographers of the time such as Brue and Levasseur. Andriveau-Goujon are especially well known for their high quality case and library maps.
Very good. Backed on linen. Original centerfold. Minor flattened crease at right hand side of chart. Blank on verso.
Walter, John A., The Heights of Mountains and the Lenghts of Rivers.