A very beautiful old color example of Abraham Ortelius's 1580 map of southern Italy. Oriented to the east, this map covers Italy from central Italy to northern Sicily, and from the Adriatic Sea to the Tyrrhenian Sea. The map identifies countless cities and towns as well as major rivers with mountains topography and forests rendered in profile. A sailing ship decorates the lower left corner and an elaborate compass rose appears in the upper right quadrant. The title, at bottom center, is displayd in an elaborate flag floating above the Tyrrhenian Sea. Cartographically Ortelius derived this map from an earlier plan laid down by Pirro Ligorio (c. 1510 - October 30, 1583), a well-respected Italian architect (St. Peter's Basilica), painter, cartographer and antiquarian. Ortelius originally drew this map in 1570 after which it was issued in numerous subsequent editions and two states. The present example is the 2nd state issued in 1580 for the German language edition of the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. There were 350 maps printed for this edition and the total run for this map is 8175 maps - low for an Ortelius map. How many may have survived the subsequent 400 years or so we cannot guess.
Abraham Ortelius (1527 - 1598) was one of the most important figures in the history of cartography and is most famously credited with the compilation of the seminal 1570 atlas Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, generally considered to be the world's first modern atlas. Ortelius was born in Antwerp and began his cartographic career in 1547 as a typesetter for the Antwerp Guild of St. Luke. In this role Ortelius traveled extensively through Europe where he came into contact with Mercator, under whose influence, he marketed himself as a "scientific geographer". In this course of his long career he published numerous important maps as well as issued several updated editions of his cardinal work, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. Late in his career Ortelius was appointed Royal Cartographer to King Phillip II of Spain. On his death in July fourth, 1598, Ortelius' body was buried in St Michael's Præmonstratensian Abbey , Antwerp, where his tombstone reads, Quietis cultor sine lite, uxore, prole.
Ortelius A., Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, (Antwerp), German Edition, 1580.
Very good. German text on verso. Even overall toning. Original centerfold.
Ort 139 (Koeman/Meurer: 37, Karrow: 1/50, vdKrogt AN: 7400:31), 1580/1589G68.