This is a c. 1845 Jules Arnout view of the apse and east end of Notre Dame Cathedral in Paris, France. Notre Dame dominates the view, with its flying buttresses and the beautiful stained-glass windows of the apse, notably without its iconic spire (which had not yet been built). The Square Jean XXIII and the brand-new Fontaine de la Vierge (Fountain of the Virgin) are situated in the foreground, with several groups of children playing the park (the first of its kind in the neighborhood) and gentlemen in top hats wandering the streets and through the garden. Notre Dame's transept is illustrated, and the tops of its iconic towers are visible just over the transept's roof.
Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc and the restoration of Notre DameAs this view was created c. 1845, it was executed shortly before the French architect Eugène Emmanuel Viollet-le-Duc began that same year. Viollet-le-Duc's project would last for nearly twenty years and in the end wiped away damage done by revolutionary mobs and six centuries of existence. The most visually impactful aspect of this project was the reconstruction of Notre Dame's spire, which had been removed in 1786 because it had been unstable. Viollet-le-Duc meticulously sketched and photographed the cathedral's decorative elements, including its statues of gargoyles, saints, and chimeras so craftsmen could recreate them in a workshop he started for the project. Viollet-le-Duc's spire, although controversial at the time, became a fixture of the Parisian skyline and has been sorely missed since its destruction in the April 15, 2019 Notre Dame fire
Publication History and Census This view was drawn by Jules Arnout 'd'après nature', which implies that he sketched the view while sitting behind Notre Dame herself, printed by the Lemercier firm, and published by Henri Jeannin c. 1845. We are aware of only one example in institutional collections, which is part of the collection at the Musée Carnavalet in Paris, and is in black and white.
Jules Arnout (June 1, 1814 - 1868) was a French artist, painter, and lithographer active during the mid-19th century. Arnout created works depicting landscapes and French, Swiss, Italian, and English cities.
Rose-Joseph Lemercier (June 29, 1803 - 1887) was a French photographer, lithographer, and printer. One of the most important Parisian lithographers of the 19th century, Lemercier was born in Paris into a family of seventeen children. His father was a basket maker, and he even began working as a basket maker at the age of fifteen, but Lemercier was drawn to lithography and printing and soon entered into an apprenticeship with Langlumé, where he worked from 1822 until 1825. After working for a handful of other printers, Lemercier started his own firm in 1828 at 2, rue Pierre Sarrazin with only one printing press. He subsequently moved a few more times before arriving at 57, rue de Seine, where he founded the printing firm Lemercier and Company. Lemercier created the firm Lemercier, Bénard and Company in 1837 with Jean François Bénard. Lemercier bought out Bénard's share in the firm in 1843 and, since his two sons died at a young age, he decided to bring his nephew Alfred into the business beginning in 1862, who would progressively take on more and more responsibility in running the firm. Between 1850 and 1870, Lemercier's firm was the largest lithographic company in Paris. The firm began to decline in prestige in the early 1870s, and, after Lemercier's death in 1887, its descent only quickened. It is unclear when the firm closed, but Alfred directed the firm until his death in 1901.
Henri Jules Jeannin (fl. 1829 - 1854) was a French print publisher active in Paris in the mid 19th century. Jeannin maintained offices at No. 20, Rue du Croissant in Paris from 1829 - 1835 and then move is office to No. 20, Place du Louvre in Paris. Little else is known about Jeannin.
Very good. Light soiling. Blank on verso.