Totius Africae tabula et descriptio universalis etiam ultra Ptolemaeilimites extensa.
1550 (undated) 11.25 x 14.25 in (28.575 x 36.195 cm)
1 : 33000000
This is a historically groundbreaking c. 1550 Sebastian Münster map of Africa. Recognized as the first map to depict the entire continent, the map stretches from the Iberian Peninsula to the Cape of Good Hope and from the Cape Verde Islands to the Red Sea and the Middle East. The first map to illustrate Africa's complete coastal outline, it is based on work by Ptolemy as well as information provided by contemporary Portuguese and Arabic sources, which is reinforced by the inclusion of a Portuguese galley and sailing instructions from the Iberian Peninsula to India on the lower left. By including this map in his works, Münster is presenting some of the most recent exploration data to the world. Bartolomeo Diaz was the first to round the Cape of Good Hope in 1488, and it would take Vasco da Gama another decade before he would successfully reach India by sea.
Münster illustrates the continent with several vignettes, including an elephant and tropical birds in southern Africa. A one-eyed-man, or cyclops, is depicted in what is today Cameroon and Nigeria, and is meant to illustrate the mythical Monoculi tribe. Numerous kingdoms are noted throughout the continent and are marked by a crown and scepter. Some of these include the Arab kingdoms of Melinde and Quiola, MMeroë, where the Nubian kings are said to be buried, and Hamarichthe capital of the kingdom of the mythical Christian king Prester John. Munster also speculates on the sources of the Nile and Niger Rivers and includes a forest in the center of the Sahara Desert.
This map was published by Sebastian Münster and published c. 1550. Editions of this map appeared in his Cosmographia universalis as well as his version of Ptolemy's Geographia.
Sebastian Münster (January 20, 1488 - May 26 1552), was a German cartographer, cosmographer, and a Hebrew scholar. Münster was born at Ingelheim near Mainz, the son of Andreas Munster. He completed his studies at the Eberhard-Karls-Universität Tübingen in 1518, after which he was appointed to the University of Basel in 1527. As Professor of Hebrew, he edited the Hebrew Bible, accompanied by a Latin translation. His principal work, the Cosmographia, first issued in 1544, was the earliest German description of the world. The book proved popular and was reissued in numerous editions and languages including Latin, French, Italian, English, and Czech. The last German edition was published in 1628, long after his death. The Cosmographia was one of the most successful and popular books of the 16th century. It passed through 24 editions in 100 years. This success was due to the fascinating woodcuts (some by Hans Holbein the Younger, Urs Graf, Hans Rudolph Manuel Deutsch, and David Kandel). Munster's work was highly influential in reviving classical geography in 16th century Europe. In 1540 he published a Latin edition of Ptolemy's Geographia, also with illustrations. The 1550 edition contains cities, portraits, and costumes. These editions, printed in Germany, are the most valued of the Cosmographia. Münster also wrote the Dictionarium trilingue in Latin, Greek, and Hebrew and composed a large format map of Europe in 1536. In 1537 he published a Hebrew Gospel of Matthew which he had obtained from Spanish Jews he had converted. Most of Munster's work was published by his son-in-Law, Heinrich Petri (Henricus Petrus), and his son Sebastian Henric Petri. He died at Basel of the plague in 1552.
Very good. Even overall toning. Text on verso.