L'Afrique divisée en ses Principaux Etats.
1762 (dated) 12 x 17.5 in (30.48 x 44.45 cm)
1 : 32500000
This is a 1762 Jean Janvier map of Africa. The map depicts the entire continent along with Madagascar and parts of Persia and Arabia. The continent into various regions with color-coding dependent upon to the colonial power active in the region. The course of the Nile follows the Ptolemaic two lake theory. The Mountains of the Moon are depicted just south of the Ptolemaic lakes. In southeastern Africa, there is a long lake speculatively drawn in and labeled L. Maram, but which most likely represents an embryonic Lake Tanganyika. Much of central Africa is blank, suggesting the profound lack of knowledge of the interior. One of the labels used for the vast expanses of land in southern Africa is Cafrerie, a variation of the French word cafre. Used in southern Africa to refer to a black person, today the word is an offensive ethnic slur. Cafre is most likely derived from the Arabic work kafir meaning 'unbeliever' or 'non-Muslim' and was then adapted into Afrikaans by Dutch settlers. There are no regional divisions in this large expanse of land. In fact, no real division is made between Ethiopie and Cafrerie. Numerous African kingdoms and tribal groups are labeled throughout, and not just in these presumably unexplored areas of the interior, though admittedly few correspond with the groups we know today. Nonetheless, several major river systems, including the Niger, the Congo, and parts of the Nile show indications of active exploration. In the lower left hand corner, there is an elaborate title cartouche exhibiting a Nile crocodile, a leopard, vegetation, a bird, and a waterfall - possibly one of the Nile cataracts.
Drawn by Jean Janvier for issue in Jean Lattre's 1775 issue of the Atlas Moderne.
Jean or Robert Janvier (fl. 1746 - 1776) was a Paris based cartographer active in the mid to late 18th century. Janvier true first name is a matter of debate, as it appears as it often appears as either Jean or Robert. More commonly, Janvier simply signed his maps Signor Janvier. By the late 18th century Janvier seems to have been awarded the title of "Geographe Avec Privilege du Roi" and this designations appears on many of his latter maps. Janvier worked with many of the most prominent French, English and Italian map publishers of his day, including Faden, Lattre, Bonne, Santini, Zannoni, Delamarche, and Desnos.
Jean Lattre (fl. 1743 - 1793) was a Paris based bookseller, engraver, and map publisher active in the mid to late 18th century. Lattre published a large corpus of maps, globes, and atlases in conjunction with a number of other important French cartographic figures, including Janvier, Zannoni, Bonne and Delamarche. He is also known to have worked with other European cartographers such as William Faden of London and the Italian cartographer Santini. Map piracy and copyright violations were common in 18th century France. Paris court records indicate that Lattre brought charges against several other period map publishers, including fellow Frenchman Desnos and the Italian map engraver Zannoni, both of whom he accused of copying his work. Lattre's offices and bookshop were located at 20 rue St. Jaques, Paris, France.
Lattre, Jean, Atlas Moderne ou Collection de Cartes sur Toutes les Parties du Globe Terrestre, c. 1775.
Very good. Verso repair to minor centerfold separation. Some wear along original centerfold. Original platemark visible. Blank on verso.
Rumsey 2612.061. Phillips (Atlases) 664. National Maritime Museum, 215.