This is a rare 1929 Waterlow and Sons map of the ancient sites of Iraq. The map depicts the region from Syria and western Iraq to Iran (Persia) and from Turkey to Kuwait (Koweit) and the Persian Gulf. Both ancient and modern names are provided for cities and towns throughout the country, as well as both ancient and modern names for the countries illustrated here. City names in black block lettering are cities that were founded prior to 539 B.C., while cities identified by red block letters were founded after 539 B.C. Numbers between one and nine appear in parentheses beside the city names, referring to the periods in regional history when each city was of importance. Nineveh, Nippur, Babylon, and Ur are among the most important. Modern city names, when applicable, are included below the ancient names in italics in parentheses. Ancient Assyria and Babylonia, two highly important ancient civilizations, blossomed here and are identified in an elaborate typeface. A table of dates and periods is situated along the right border, creating some understanding of when each city was at its most important. An inset map of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers as they may have appeared in ancient times is situated in the lower left corner.
Publication History and CensusThis map was created by Waterlow and Sons and published for the Public Works Department in Iraq in 1929. This is the only known example as this map is uncatalogued in the OCLC.
Waterlow and Sons (1810 - 1961) was a British engraving and printing concern active in London specializing in currency, postage stamps, bond certificates, and occasionally maps. The firm was founded by James Waterlow (1790 - 1876) in 1810 on Birchin Lane, London, as a legal document printer and copyist. By 1852, they had expanded into stamps and his sons, Albert, Alfred, Sydney, and Walter joined the business. One year after James Waterlow's death, in 1877, infighting among the sons led Alfred Waterlow to split off, forming Waterlow Brothers and Layton. The rift was settled by 1920, and the two firms once again merged under the Waterlow and Sons imprint. They were involved in the Portuguese Bank Note Affair of 1925, wherein the Portuguese fraudster Artur Virgílio Alves Reis convinced the firm to print 200,000 banknotes of 500 Portuguese Escudos each, amounting to roughly 88% of Portugal's GDP. The affair was settled in court with a ruling against Waterlow. In 1928, Waterlow lost its most lucrative contract, printing English banknotes, and began to fall into decline. In 1961, they were acquired by Purnell and Sons who, shortly afterwards, sold the firm to De La Rue. Ironically, De La Rue acquired the contract to print Bank of England banknotes again in 2003 – 75 years after Waterlow lost it!
Good. Some soiling and toning. Wear along original fold lines. Blank on verso.