This is a beautiful 1770 map of Ancient Iberia or Spain and Portugal during ancient Roman times, by Jean- Baptiste-Claude Delisle de Sales. The map covers all of Iberia under the Roman Republic from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean Sea. The map identifies several important cities and towns and uses archaic names throughout. Rivers, islands, and other topography is noted with mountains rendered in profile.
Although the Romans controlled most of the Iberian Peninsula from about 218 BC, it took them close to two centuries to fully subjugate the region. This map was issued as part of Delisle de Sales' Histoire des Hommes. Partie de l'Histoire Moderne. This volume is exceedingly rare as most of Sales' work was burnt under the censorship of heresy.
Jean-Baptiste-Claude Delisle de Sales or Jean-Baptiste Isoard de Lisle (1741–1816) was a French philosopher, historian, and accused heretic active in the late 18th century. Sales is best known for his publication of the multi-volume opus The Philosophy of Nature: Treatise on Human Moral Nature. The work, among other ideas, challenged the Biblical theory that the earth was created in 4004 BC. Instead, Sales put forth the theory based upon astronomical observations, that the earth was 140,000 years old. Sales' revolutionary ideas caused him to be declared a heretic by the Catholic Church. His publications were subsequently censored and, for the most part, destroyed. As a consequence all of his works are today extremely rare. Sales was also, notably, a close friend of Voltaire who in 1777 visited him in prison, gifting him 500 pounds towards his release. Delisle de Sales is unrelated to the more famous De L'Isle family of cartographers. More by this mapmaker...
Delisle de Sales, Histoire des Hommes. Partie de l'Histoire Moderne, (Paris) 1770.
Very good. Minor wear along original fold lines. Original platemark visible. Blank on verso.