A bird's eye view of the ancient Works on the Muskingum.
1805 (undated) 6.5 x 11 in (16.51 x 27.94 cm)
This is an 1805 Thaddeus Mason Harris view of the 'ancient works' along the Muskingum River in Ohio, known today as the Marietta Earthworks. The view depicts the earthworks in some detail, although all that is easily discernable is the different shapes of individual 'works'. In his book The Journal of a Tour into the Territory Northwest of the Alleghany Mountains, Harris describes how even the 'most inquisitive antiquarians' have been 'hitherto baffled' by the earthworks. Harris describes the location and appearance of the earthworks as well, 'The situation of these works is on an elevated plain, above the present bank of the Muskingum, on the east side, and about half a mile from its junction with the Ohio. They consist of walls and mounds of earth in direct lines, and in square and circular forms.' When The Journal of a Tour was published, it was believed that the earthworks were around 400 to 450 years old. Since then, archaeologists have dated the site's construction to between 100 BCE and 500 CE and have also definitively identified the works as having been constructed by the Hopewell Culture. Numerous sites like the one at Marietta are located at several different sites around Ohio.
This view was published by Thaddeus Mason Harris in his book The Journal of a Tour into the Territory Northwest of the Alleghany Mountains... in 1805.
Thaddeus Mason Harris (July 7, 1768 - April 3, 1842) was a Harvard librarian, Unitarian minister and author. He was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts. After his father’s death while fighting on the colonial side in the American Revolutionary War, Harris was sent to live on a farm in Sterling, Massachusetts. Harris studied at Harvard University and graduated in 1787. Following his graduation, Harris spent a year as a school teacher in Worcester, Massachusetts, after which he was offered an appointment as secretary to George Washington. Unfortunately he contracted small-pox, and his lengthly recovery prevented him from taking the post. In 1791, Harris became the librarian at Harvard and was appointed as the minister of the First Unitarian Church on Meeting House Hill in Dorchester, Massachusetts, in 1793. In 1806, he was elected as a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and was also a founding member of the American Antiquarian Society in 1812. He served as corresponding secretary for the Antiquarian Society from 1812-1831, and as secretary of foreign correspondence from 1831-1832.
Harris, T.M., The Journal of a Tour into the Territory Northwest of the Alleghany Mountains; Made in the Spring of the Year 1803. With a Geographical and Historical Account of the State of Ohio., (Boston: Manning and Loring) 1805.
The Journal of a Tour into the Territory Northwest of the Alleghany Mountains; Made in the Spring of the Year 1803. With a Geographical and Historical Account of the State of Ohio. by Thaddeus Mason Harris, published in 1805, presents a history of Harris’s journey to Marietta, Ohio. The first section of the book consists of Harris’s journal, which is divided into two sections: the trip to Marietta, and the return trip to Boston. The second section, entitled, ‘Geographical and Historical Account of the State of Ohio’, was compiled by Harris. It includes a discussion of the state’s boundaries, its climate, minerals, rivers, fish, counties and towns, exports, antiquities, ‘curiosities’, government and history. In the chapter discussing Ohio’s history, a lengthy discussion of the Ohio Company is included. The final section is an appendix, which includes information about navigating the Ohio River and reprinted versions of a number of documents concerning the early history of Ohio, including the 1785 Land Ordinance, the contract between the Ohio Company and the U.S. Government for the sale of millions of acres of land (1787), the Northwest Ordinance (1787), the Congressional act enabling the establishment of Ohio (1802) and the Ohio Constitution (1802).
Very good. Light wear along original fold lines. Blank on verso.