Map Showing the Land Grands of the St. Louis, Iron Mountain and Southern, and Little Rock and Fort Smith Railways in Arkansas.
13.5 x 16.5 in (34.29 x 41.91 cm)
1 : 1382400
An intriguing document, with map and letter, regarding railroad grant and early town development in Arkansas. Published in 1885 by the Land Department of the Iron Mountain Railway in Little Rock, Arkansas, this map of Arkansas highlights land for sale by the Iron Mountain Railway. All rail lines are highlighted in dark red. A lighter shade of red emanates outward along both sides of most of the rail lines, illustrating where railroad land grants are located and available for purchase.
Accompanying DocumentsThis particular map is accompanied by a letter from Mr. S. L. Kay to a Mr. E. F. Hanson concerning purchasing land for 'colonization'. Mr. Kay proposed a 1360-acre tract two miles from Redfield, Arkansas, on the Iron Mountain main line. He included a small map of the proposed land, which is also present. In his letter, Mr. Kay proposed Mr. Hanson purchase the land at a wholesale rate and even offered pricing.
The St. Louis, Iron Mountain, and Southern RailwayFrequently referred to simply as the Iron Mountain Railway, the St. Louis, Iron Mountain, and Southern Railway operated in Missouri and Arkansas from 1874 until 1917. The railroad connected St. Louis, Missouri, and Texarkana, Arkansas, and was originally established to transport iron ore from Iron Mountain, Missouri to St. Louis. Jay Gould bought the railroad in 1883. The Iron Mountain ceased to exist as an independent railroad after it was merged into the Missouri Pacific Railroad on May 12, 1917. The Iron Mountain Railway was robbed twice. First on January 31, 1874 by the James-Younger Gang at Gad's Hill, Missouri, and then on November 3, 1893 by the 'One-Time Train Robbery Gang' at Olyphant, Arkansas.
Railroad Land GrantsIn the mid- to late-19th century, both the Federal government and state governments encouraged railroad construction by offering land grants to railroad companies. Nearly all land in the western United States was surveyed into one square mile sections. Every other section, on either side of the proposed railroad route, was granted to the railroad. This checkerboard pattern extended twenty miles on either side of the route. Then, railroads opened land offices and advertised extensively to sell land at an enormous profit.
Publication History and CensusThis map was issued by the Land Department of the Iron Mountain Railway in 1885. Two examples appear in OCLC and are part of the institutional collections at Yale University and the University of Texas at Arlington. Another example is part of the institutional collection at the Arkansas State Archives. The added letter makes this piece unique.
Very good. Even overall toning. Accompanied by original binder, typed letter, and plat map.