ASIA Secundum legitimas Projectionis Stereographicae regulas et juxta recentissimas observationes aeque et relationes explosis aliorum fabulosis designationibus et narrationibus adhibitis quoque veterum monumentis et recentiorum itinerariis descripta et in partes suas methodicas IX divisa a I. MATTH. HASIO M.P.P.O. nunc ex beate dejuncti subsidiis et M.S.Ctis designata a M. August Gott. Iohb. Boehmio. Impensis Homannianorum Heredum A 1744.
18.5 x 21.5 in (46.99 x 54.61 cm)
A fabulously detailed 1744 Homann Heirs map of the Asian continent, including the East Indies. Extends from Europe and Africa eastward through Arabia and India to include the East Indies, Siberia, the Philippines, and a partial New Guinea ( Nova Guniea ). The superb detailing of China's interior probably references the work of early Jesuit missionaries to this region. The Kamchatka peninsula has been updated from earlier Homann work to more accurately reflect its actual size. The region of Siberia remains quite primitive in conception and is clearly based on Russian survey work from the 1730s. In Japan, Hokkaido ( Terra Eso, Yedso, Yesfo ) is wildly distended in form and attached to the Asian mainland. To the west of Hokkaido appears a curious partial territory labeled 'Terra Societatis Batavicae' which though considerably deformed, can only be a primitive strike at the archipelago that runs from Hokkaido to Kamchatka. Upper right quadrant features a decorated scale of miles. Lower right quadrant features an allegorical title cartouche depicting an Asian king enthroned and, curiously, what appears to be an American Indian female with a bow, an arrow, and feathered headdress. Along the top of the map, an alternate title reads: Carte de l'Asie, projettée stereographiquement, tirée des relations et observations Atlas compendiarius quinquaginta tabularum geographicarum Homannianarum. This map was drawn by J.M.Haas & Gottlieb Boehm for inclusion the 1752 Homann Heirs Maior Atlas Scholasticus ex Triginta Sex Generalibus et Specialibus…. Most early Homann atlases were 'made to order' or compiled of individual maps at the request of the buyer. However, this rare atlas, composed of 37 maps and charts, was issued as a 'suggested collection' of essential Homann Heirs maps. A fine copy of an important map.
Johann Baptist Homann (March 20, 1664 - July 1, 1724) was the most prominent and prolific map publisher of the 18th century. Homann was born in Oberkammlach, a small town near Kammlach, Bavaria, Germany. As a young man Homann studied in a Jesuit school and nursed ambitions of becoming a Dominican priest before converting to Protestantism in 1687. Following his conversion, Homann moved to Nuremberg and found employment as a notary. Around 1693 Homan briefly relocated to Vienna, where he lived and studied printing and copper plate engraving until 1695. Afterwards he returned to Nuremberg where, in 1702, he founded the commercial publishing firm that would bear his name. In the next five years Homann produced hundreds of maps and developed a distinctive style characterized by heavy detailed engraving, elaborate allegorical cartouche work, and vivid hand color. The Homann firm, due to the lower cost of printing in Germany, was able to undercut the dominant French and Dutch publishing houses while matching the diversity and quality of their output. By 1715 Homann's rising star caught the attention of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles the VI, who appointed him Imperial Cartographer. In the same year he was also appointed a member of the Royal Academy of Sciences in Berlin. Homann's prestigious title came with a number of important advantages including access to the most up to date cartographic information as well as the "Privilege". The Privilege was a type of early copyright offered to a few individuals by the Holy Roman Emperor. Though not as sophisticated as modern copyright legislation, the Privilege did offer a kind of limited protection for several years. Most all J. B. Homann maps printed between 1715 and 1730 bear the inscription "Cum Priviligio" or some variation. Following Homann's death in 1726, the management of the firm passed to his son Johann Christoph Homann (1703 - 1730). J. C. Homann, perhaps realizing that he would not long survive his father, stipulated in his will that the company would be inherited by his two head managers, Johann Georg Ebersberger and Johann Michael Franz, and that it would publish only under the name Homann Heirs. This designation, in various forms (Homannsche Heirs, Heritiers de Homann, Lat Homannianos Herod, Homannschen Erben, etc..) appears on maps from about 1731 onwards. The firm continued to publish maps in ever diminishing quantities until the death of its last owner, Christoph Franz Fembo in 1848.
Very good condition. Original centerfold. Blank on verso.
Phillips, Lee Philip, A List of Geographical Atlases in the Library of Congress, Page 157. Yeo, Julie, Mapping the Continent of Asia, Singapore: Antiques of the Orient, 1994, No. 129. Tibbetts, Gerald Randall, Arabia in Early Maps: A Bibliography of Maps Covering the Peninsula of Arabia, Printed in Western Europe from the Invention of Printing to the Year of 1751, New York: Oleander, 1978.