1817 Thomson Map of the Austrian Empire

AustrianDominions-thomson-1817
$200.00
Austrian Dominions.
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1817 Thomson Map of the Austrian Empire

AustrianDominions-thomson-1817

Thomson's depiction of the territories of the Austrian Empire.
$200.00

Title


Austrian Dominions.
  1817 (undated)    20.5 x 24.5 in (52.07 x 62.23 cm)     1 : 2400000

Description


This is a beautiful map of the Austrian Empire by John Thomson dating to 1817. It covers the territories claimed by the once vast Austrian Empire, including in whole or part of the modern day nations of Austria, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Czech Republic, Poland, Ukraine, Serbia and Croatia. Thomson notes rivers, mountains, towns and other physical and political features. Founded in 1804 by the last Holy Roman Emperor, Francis II, the Austrian Empire lasted only till 1866 after which it became the Austro-Hungarian Empire. This map was prepared by John Thomson for inclusion in the 1817 edition of Thomson's New General Atlas.

Cartographer


John Thomson (1777 - 1837) was a Scottish cartographer, publisher and bookbinder active in Edinburgh during the early part of the 19th century. Thomson apprenticed under Edinburgh bookbinder Robert Alison. After his apprenticeship he briefly went into business with Abraham Thomson. Later the two parted ways, John Thomson seguing into maps and Abraham Thomson taking over the bookbinding portion of the business. Thomson is generally one of the leading masters of the Edinburgh school of cartography which flourished from roughly 1800 to 1830. Thomson and his contemporaries (Pinkerton and Cary) redefined European cartography by abandoning typical 18th century decorative elements such as elaborate title cartouches and fantastic beasts in favor of detail and accuracy. Thomson's principle works include Thomson's New General Atlas, published from 1814 to 1821, the New Classical and Historical Atlas of 1829, and his 1830 Atlas of Scotland. The Atlas of Scotland, a work of groundbreaking detail and dedication would eventually bankrupt the Thomson firm in 1830, at which time their plates were sized.. The firm momentarily recovered in the subsequent years allowing Thomson to recover his printing plates in 1831, but filed again for bankruptcy in 1835, at which time most of his printing plates were sold to A. K. Johnston and company. Today Thomson maps are becoming increasingly rare as they are highly admired for their monumental size, vivid hand coloration, and superb detail.

Source


Thomson, J., A New General Atlas, (Edinburgh) 1817.     Thomson's New General Atlas was first published in 1817 and continued to be published until about 1821. This is the first of Thomson's major cartographic works and the atlas for which is most celebrated. The New General Atlas follows in the Edinburgh School, which eschews excessive decoration in favor of a more minimalistic fact-based cartographic vision, as established by John Pinkerton, Laurie and Whittle, John Cary, and others in the previous decades. The maps are notable for their massive scale, heavy stock, elegant color work, and easy-to-read typefaces. Although the atlas stopped being published after 1821, Thomson continued to offer 'supplementary' maps that could be tipped into the atlas as late as 1830, when he declared bankruptcy. The maps in the Thomson Atlas were engraved by Thomas Clerk, William Dassauville, Nathaniel Rogers Hewitt, James Kirkwood, Robert Kirkwood, John Menzies, George Menzies, Edward Mitchell, John Moffatt, Samuel John Neele, Robert Scott, and James Wyld.

Condition


Very good. Minor wear and toning along original centerfold. Original platemark visible. Overall toning and foxing at places.

References


Rumsey 1007.031.