This is a c. 1890 Kurz and Allison view of the Second Battle of Orléans during the Franco-Prussian War. Kurz and Allison illustrate the French army being surrounded by the Bavarian army on the left (note the blue and white Bavarian flag) and the Prussian army on the right (the army marches behind the red and black Prussian flag). French troops are depicted dying by both gunfire and bayonet. After two days of combat, the French had lost 19,000 men (12,000 of whom were captured) while German casualties amounted to 1,746. The Germans occupied Orléans for the second time during the war on December 5, the day after the battle ended.
The Franco-Prussian WarThe Franco-Prussian War lasted from July 19, 1870 until January 28, 1871. The French suffered a series of defeats that eventually led to a siege on Paris, which lasted from September 17, 1870, until January 28, 1871. Over 180,000 Prussian and German soldiers laid siege to the city, and even though a reported 500,000 French soldiers occupied Paris, the Prussian army outclassed the French soldiers to such a degree that the French army could not break the siege. The Prussian commanders had no intention of attacking the city. However, as the siege wore on, it became obvious that such measures would be necessary. In the end, over 12,000 shells were fired on Paris in an effort to break Parisian morale. Paris also suffered horrible outbreaks of tuberculosis and other diseases. The Armistice was finally signed on January 27th, and the siege lifted. The Germans held a victory parade in Paris on March 1, 1871.
Publication History and CensusThis view was created and published by Kurz and Allison c. 1890. This is the only known cataloged example.
Kurz and Allison (1880 - c. 1905) was an American publishing firm known for its chromolithographs. Founded by Louis Kurz (1835 - 1921) and Alexander Allison, the firm was based at 267-269 Wabash Avenue in Chicago. In the partnership, it is known that Kurz, an Austrian immigrant, was the lithographer and it is presumed that Allison provided the financial backing. The firm is most well-known for its series of thirty-six battle scenes from the American Civil War. At the time of their publication, the late 1880s and early 1890s, a general nostalgia was prevalent among Civil War veterans (of which Kurz was one), and evidently the company was trying to capitalize on the sentiment. Kurz and Allison's Civil War prints were not the first such prints to be issued, but they were by far the most popular. In a style reminiscent of Currier and Ives, Kurz and Allison lithographs are not meant to be historical representations, and even, from time to time, included historical inaccuracies. Even so, 'prints depicting the Civil War battles by Kurz and Allison are among the most sought-after collectibles of Civil War enthusiasts.' Their prints are also notable for featuring African-American soldiers, a rarity for the era. After the outbreak of the Spanish-American War, the firm published views from famous battles and continued doing so for the campaigns of the Philippine-American War and the Russo-Japanese War. Learn More...
Very good. Very minor closed margin tear professionally repaired on verso.