Belgien und Holland nebst dem Grossherzogth Luxemburg.
1849 (dated) 10.5 x 8 in (26.67 x 20.32 cm)
1 : 900000
This is a fine 1849 map of Holland (The Netherlands) and Belgium by Joseph Meyer. It covers from the North Sea south to include Luxembourg. Throughout, the map identifies numerous towns, rivers, railways, roads, mountains and an assortment of additional topographical features.
In 1830, after the Belgian Revolution led to the secession of Belgium from the United Kingdom of Netherlands into the independent Kingdom of Belgium, Luxembourg, which also took part in the Belgian Revolution, was considered to be a province of the new Belgian state. The Netherlands however, refused to recognize the new country of Belgium until the 1839 Treaty of London. This Treaty also granted Luxembourg the status of Grand Duchy, while its western portion was ceded to Belgium as a province. In 1842, the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg became part of the German Customs Union. Luxembourg, during this period, suffered economic hardships which led to many of its citizens immigrating to the United States. The Second Treaty of London, following the Luxembourg Crisis finally reaffirmed Luxembourg's independence in 1867.
This map was issued in Meyer's Zeitung Atlas. Although all the maps in this atlas are not individually dated, the title page and maps were often updated while the imprint with the date was not, causing confusion to the exact date for some of the maps. Moreover some maps in the atlas were taped in at a later date as an update to the atlas. We have dated the maps in this collection to the best of our ability.
Joseph Meyer (May 9, 1796 - June 27, 1856) was a German industrialist and publisher, most notably for the encyclopedia Meyers Conversation-Lexicon. Born in Gotha, Germany, Meyer was educated as a merchant in Frankfurt am Main. He moved to London in 1816, but returned to Germany in a820 after his stock speculations and business adventures fell through. Once back in Germany, he began by investing in the textile trade (1820-24). Meyer began creating business plans concerning how to start railways soon after the first steam-hauled railway began operation in December 1835. He founded the Deutsche Eisenbahnschienen-Compangie auf Actien (German Railway Rail joint stock company) in 1845. Meyer also found great success as a publisher, utilizing the system of serial subscriptions to publications, a new idea for the time. He founded a company, Bibliographisches Institut in Gotha in 1825, which published several versions of the Bible, works of classical literature, atlases, the world in pictures on steel engravings, and an encyclopedia.
Meyer, J., Meyer's Zeitung Atlas, 1852.
Meyer's Zeitung Atlas, formally titled Neuster Zeitungs-Atlas Fuer Alte und Neue Erdkunde was a popular German hand-atlas published in Heidelberg by Joseph Meyer between, roughly, 1848 and 1859. The atlas is well engraved in the German style with exceptionally dense detail and minimal decoration. Meyer's Atlas, and its constituent maps, are typically very difficult to date as later editions often contain earlier maps and earlier editions later paste-in updates. That said, the atlas' frequent updates and publication run during a turbulent decade provide a noteworthy cartographic record of the period.
Very good. Minor toning and spotting at places.