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1775 Mannevillette Map of the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa

Plan du Cap de Bonne-Esperance et de ses Environs.

1775 Mannevillette Map of the Cape of Good Hope, South Africa


18th century French nautical chart of the Cape of Good Hope.



Plan du Cap de Bonne-Esperance et de ses Environs.
  1752 (dated, though published in 1775)    19 x 13 in (48.26 x 33.02 cm)


This is a very attractive 1752 nautical chart of the Cape of Good Hope and Cape Town region of South Africa. This maritime map covers from False Bay past the Cape of Good Hope northwards past Cape Town and Isle Robben as far as Saldanha Bay. Offers numerous rhumb lines, depth soundings, and some inland topographic detail. The most detailed sounding focus on the dangers seas around Isle Robben, at the time a notorious prison. Just south of the fort that would eventually evolve into Cape Town, Table Mountain is clearly rendered in profile. Engraved by De La Haye for Jean-Baptiste d'Après de Mannevillette's 1775 Neptune Oriental.


Jean-Baptiste d'Après de Mannevillette (February 11, 1707 - March 1, 1780) was a French sailor, navigator, and hydrographer active in the mid-18th century. Mannevillette was born in Le Havre to a family of wealthy seafarers. As a young man he studied mathematics and navigation in Paris before earning his sea legs as a commissioned officer on the merchant vessel Marechel d'Estrees bound for the West Indies. Mannevillette eventually attained the rank of Captain with the Compagnie des Indes. In the course of numerous voyages around Africa to India and China, Mannevillette collected and revised a number of regional nautical charts. His sophisticated use of the most modern instruments, most specifically the Octant or English Quarter, and keen mathematical mind enabled Mannevillette to correct many significant errors common to earlier maps of the region. These updates were eventually compiled and published in Mannevillette's most significant work, the 1745 Neptune Oriental. The Neptune Oriental was well received by navigators and earned him admission into the Academy of Sciences. Eventually he took a position with the French Hydrographic department and in 1775 republished his opus in a greatly expanded format. In 1767 King Louis XV conferred the Order of St. Michael upon him and made him an associate of the Royal Marine Academy. Mannevillette died on March first of 1780 at 75 years of age.


Mannevillette, D'Apres de, Le Neptune Oriental, 1775.    


Very good. Minor dampstain to left margin. Original platemark visible. Blank on verso.
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