British America, Comprehending Canada, Labrador, New-Foundland, Nova Scotia &c.
1799 (dated) 14.5 x 17 in (36.83 x 43.18 cm)
An unusual and appealing 1799 map of Canada by the english map publisher and religious scholar Clement Cruttwell. Centered on the Hudson Bay, Cruttwell's map embraces the territory from the Arctic Ocean and the Baffin Bay southwards to the Great Lakes and from Great Slave Lake (here called Arathapescow Lake) to Greenland and the Grand Banks. The map features a wealth of detail throughout the region offering comments on climates, the navigability of various rivers, political boundaries, roads, and indigenous cultures. Although not specifically named, Cruttwell incorporates the explorations of Samuel Herne (working for the Hudson Bay Company) along the Coppermine River and his sighting of the Coronation Gulf at roughly 70 degrees north latitude. The whole exhibits delicate outline color and fine copper plate engraving in the minimalist english style prevalent in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Drawn by G. G. and J. Robinson of Paternoster Row, London, for Clement Cruttwell's 1799 Atlas to Cruttwell's Gazetteer.
Clement Cruttwell (1743-1808) was an English book and map publisher active in Bath and London in the late 18th and early 19th century. Cruttwell was born the son of William Cruttwell, a gentleman of Wokingham, Berkshire, England. As a young man Cruttwell was educated to be an Anglican Reverend and consequently maintained a lifelong interest in religious matters. Throughout his life, he published a number of religious works and geographical gazetteers including several focused on the British Isles and one dedicated to France. Though little is known of Cruttwell today, he was highly regarded in his own time. In his obituary, a period publication, The Universal Magazine of Knowledge and Pleasure describes Cruttwell as
a gentleman whose various literary performances, for labour, extent, and utility, have rarely been equaled, and, when regarded as the productions of an unassisted valetudinarian, have perhaps never been surpassed.
Cruttwell was also a known correspondent of George Washington to whom he sent his own translation of the Holy Bible, which Washington kept in his personal library until his death.
Cruttwell, C., Cruttwell's Gazetteer, 1799
Very good. Original platemark visible. Original centerfold visible. Minor toning overall.
Boston Public Library, Leventhal Collection, G3400 1808 .N44x.