Carte de la Caroline et Georgie.
1757 (undated) 8.5 x 12 in (21.59 x 30.48 cm)
1 : 4000000
This is French cartographer Jacques-Nicholas Bellin’s 1757 map of the Carolinas and Georgia. It covers modern day North Carolina, South Carolina and Georgia, and parts of Virginia and eastern Tennessee, extending from just north of the Albemarle Sound south to Jekyll Island in Georgia and inland as far as the Appalachians and beyond. Important early cities and towns are depicted, including Savannah, Georgetown, Charles Town, Augusta, Edenton, etc. are identified.
Most likely based on an earlier 1752 map by Emanuel Bowen, this map exhibits the early course of the Tennessee (Callamaco) River is depicted. The coastlands are well settled and exhibit considerable European development, however, only a short distance inland European settlements quickly give way to unexplored lands and the territories claimed by powerful American Indian nations, particularly west of the Appalachian Mountains.
This map was drawn by Jacques Nicolas Bellin and published as plate no. 11 in volume 9 of the 1757 French edition of Abbe Provost's L'Histoire Generale des Voyages.
Jacques-Nicolas Bellin (1703 - 1772) was one of the most important cartographers of the 18th century. With a career spanning some 50 years, Bellin is best understood as geographe de cabinet and transitional mapmaker spanning the gap between 18th and early 19th century cartographic styles. His long career as Hydrographer and Ingénieur Hydrographe at the French Dépôt des cartes et plans de la Marine resulted in hundreds of high quality nautical charts of practically everywhere in the world. A true child of the Enlightenment Era, Bellin's work focuses on function and accuracy tending in the process to be less decorative than the earlier 17th and 18th century cartographic work. Unlike many of his contemporaries, Bellin was always careful to cite his references and his scholarly corpus consists of over 1400 articles on geography prepared for Diderot's Encyclopedie. Bellin, despite his extraordinary success, may not have enjoyed his work, which is described as "long, unpleasant, and hard." In addition to numerous maps and charts published during his lifetime, many of Bellin's maps were updated (or not) and published posthumously. He was succeeded as Ingénieur Hydrographe by his student, also a prolific and influential cartographer, Rigobert Bonne.
Provost, A., L'Histoire Generale des Voyages, Vol XIV, plate 11.
Very good. Minor wear along original fold lines. Minor toning and offsetting, with some foxing at places. Original platemark visible.
Library of Congress, Map Division, G3900 1757 .B4.