This is a beautiful 1775 maritime map or nautical chart of the Nicobar Islands of India. The map covers from the Car Nicobar Island south to the Great Nicobar Island and includes Little Nicobar, Katchal, Nancowry, Trinket Island, Camorta, Tillangchong, Bompoka, Teressa, Chowra, and Batti Malv Islands. The Nicobar Islands in the eastern Indian Ocean is the most isolated archipelagic island chain in the world. A large inset in the top right includes a plan of the ports on the islands of Nancowry, Trinket, and Camorta. Inland detail in minimalist but marine detail is excellent with well-defined coastlines, many rhumb lines, and depth soundings.
Mannevillette's chart marks a considerable advancement over previous nautical maps of this region. This chart was drawn by Jean-Baptiste d'Apres de Mannevillette for publication in the 1775 Neptune Oriental.
Jean-Baptiste d'Après de Mannevillette (February 11, 1707 - March 1, 1780) was a French sailor, navigator, and hydrographer active in the mid-18th century. Mannevillette was born in Le Havre to a family of wealthy seafarers. As a young man he studied mathematics and navigation in Paris before earning his sea legs as a commissioned officer on the merchant vessel Marechel d'Estrees bound for the West Indies. Mannevillette eventually attained the rank of Captain with the Compagnie des Indes. In the course of numerous voyages around Africa to India and China, Mannevillette collected and revised a number of regional nautical charts. His sophisticated use of the most modern instruments, most specifically the Octant or English Quarter, and keen mathematical mind enabled Mannevillette to correct many significant errors common to earlier maps of the region. These updates were eventually compiled and published in Mannevillette's most significant work, the 1745 Neptune Oriental. The Neptune Oriental was well received by navigators and earned him admission into the Academy of Sciences. Eventually he took a position with the French Hydrographic department and in 1775 republished his opus in a greatly expanded format. In 1767 King Louis XV conferred the Order of St. Michael upon him and made him an associate of the Royal Marine Academy. Mannevillette died on March first of 1780 at 75 years of age.
Mannevillette, D'Apres de, Le Neptune Oriental, 1775.
Very good. Original platemerk visible. Minor spotting.