1875 Smith Map of the American Civil War Battles around Chattanooga, Tennessee

Chattanooga-smith-1875
$500.00
Map of the Battlefield of Chattanooga. Prepared to accompany Report of Maj. Gen. U.S. Grant by direction of Brig. Gen. W.F. Smith.
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1875 Smith Map of the American Civil War Battles around Chattanooga, Tennessee

Chattanooga-smith-1875

Amazing Civil War map depicting the Battles of Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge.
$500.00

Title


Map of the Battlefield of Chattanooga. Prepared to accompany Report of Maj. Gen. U.S. Grant by direction of Brig. Gen. W.F. Smith.
  1875 (dated)    29 x 26.75 in (73.66 x 67.945 cm)     1 : 27500

Description


This is an 1875 William Farrar Smith map of the Chattanooga Campaign, a series of battles around Chattanooga, Tennessee in late November 1863. Centered on Chattanooga with the Tennessee River snaking its way past the city, the map depicts the region from William's Island and Raccoon Mountain to east of Missionary Ridge and from Friar's Island to Lookout Mountain. Chattanooga was a key rail hub connecting Nashville, Knoxville, and Atlanta. Union positions occupied by Generals Thomas, Sherman, and Hooker are illustrated and labeled, along with Confederate earthworks and each unit's individual commander. The area's railroads are illustrated and labeled as well, and the topography shown by hachure

The Chattanooga Campaign

The Chattanooga Campaign was a series of three major battles between Union forces trying to break out from the siege of Chattanooga set by Confederate General Braxton Bragg following his victory at the Battle of Chickamauga in September. Commanded by Union Major General Ulysses S. Grant in an effort to break the siege, these battles, one led by General Hooker at Lookout Mountain, one led by General Thomas at Missionary Ridge, and one led by General Sherman, also at Missionary Ridge, pushed back General Bragg's Confederate troops and won a series of victories that led to the retreat of Bragg's army. These victories secured Union control of Chattanooga and opened the way for General Sherman's Atlanta Campaign and his famous (and infamous) March to the Sea.

This map was created under the direction of General William Farrar Smith and published by the Army Corps of Engineers in 1875.

CartographerS


William Farrar 'Baldy' Smith (February 17, 1824 - February 28, 1903) was an American military officer and a Union general during the American Civil War. Born in St. Albans, Vermont, Smith entered the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1841 and graduated four years later fourth in his class of forty-one cadets. Upon graduating, Smith was appointed a brevet second lieutenant and assigned to the Corps of Topographical Engineers. He spent his years in the Corps conducting surveys of the Great Lakes, Texas, Arizona, Florida, and much of Mexico. He also worked for the lighthouse service and twice served as an assistant mathematics professor at West Point. During the American Civil War, Smith had a career full of great successes and incredible failures. He was at the First Battle of Bull Run on the staff of Brigadier General Irvin McDowell, and soon was recognized for gallantry at the Battle of White Oak Swamp in the Seven Days Battles. Smith also led his division with 'conspicuous valor' during the Battle of Antietam. Due to his accomplishments, Smith was promoted to command of the VI Corps of the Army of the Potomac when his corps commander was reassigned to a superior command. This, however, was disastrous for Smith and escaped being being dismissed by General Burnside, along with several other senior officers, when President Lincoln countermanded Burnside's order and, instead, removed him from command. Smith, having made the decision to stay in the Army, nonetheless faced the reality that the Senate did not confirm his promotion to major general, meaning that he reverted back to the rank of brigadier general and took over command of a division of militia in Pennsylvania. It was with this militia unit that Smith repelled an attack by Major General J.E.B. Stuart during the Gettysburg Campaign. In October 8163, Smith was reassigned to duty as the chief engineer of the Army of the Cumberland, and soon would be the chief engineer of the Military District of the Mississippi. Smith was responsible for opening what became known as the 'Cracker Line' to supply besieged Union troops in Chattanooga, which won him his promotion of major general in March 1864. During the Overland Campaign of 1864, Grant assigned Smith to common the XVIII Corps in the Army of the James. In this command he led his troops in the Battle of Cold Harbor and in the first operations against Petersburg. At Petersburg, Smith again suffered a setback, when he waited too long to seize an opportunity to attack the city, which cost the Union Army a chance to shorten the war by nearly a year. He was relieved of command in July 1864, and spent the rest of the war on 'special duty'. After the was was over, Smith resigned from the volunteer army in 1864 and the regular army in 1867. He was President of the International Telegraph Company from 1864 until 1873 and served on the board of police commissioners of New York City from 1875 until 1881. After 1881, Smith began working on civil engineering projects in Pennsylvania, and died in Philadelphia in 1903.


Graphic Company (1872 - 1890), or The Graphic Company, was a New York City based printing house based in New York City in the latter half of the 19th century. The company was founded by the brothers James H. Goodsell and C. M. Goodsell. The Goodsell Brothers were born in Michigan and for a time ran a printing business in Chicago which they lost during the 1871 Great Chicago Fire. They moved to New York in 1872, drawing investors and founding The Graphic Company with $500,000 USD in investment capital, much of it from Canada where the company was traded. Among their investors were the prominent Republicans Alexander Robey 'Boss' Shepherd and General Benjamin Franklin Butler. It was originally created as a newspaper, The Daily Graphic, but quickly expanded to other forms of printing. In 1873, they concocted a publicity stunt to build a giant branded balloon to send aeronauts John Wise and Washington H. Donaldson across the Atlantic in just 60 hours – an attempt which ended in disaster in a Connecticut farm field, just 120 miles from its starting point. By 1874, The Graphic Company advertised as general lithographers, engravers, and power press printers, with specializations in commercial lithography (stock certificates, checks, notes, etc), presentation cards, chromolithography, and photo-lithography. Within a year they had become a large and successful printing house, largely due large government printing contracts that may have been dubiously obtained, possibly through investors Sherman and Butler. In 1878 they introduced an additional periodical, The Weekly Graphic. The Goodsells sold their shares in The Graphic Company by at least 1886. By 1888 the company had changed its name to the American Graphic Company. In 1889 it advertised as the Graphic Publishing Company. For most of its time in operation the company was located at 39-41 Park Place, New York. The firm was dissolved by court order in March of 1890. The Goodsell Brothers were also, from 1872, publishers of the Financier, a successful financial journal based at 156 and 158 Broadway, and the Insurance Spectator.

Condition


Very good. Even overall toning. Wear along original centerfold. Verso repairs and reinforcements to centerfold separations. Blank on verso.

References


LOC G3964.C3S5 1875 .S61 CW 406. Stephenson, R. W., Civil War Maps; an Annotated List of Maps and Atlases in Map Collections of the Library of Congress, 406. OCLC 144230211.
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