This is an appealing 1862 U.S. Coast Survey nautical chart or map of the coast of South Carolina from Charleston to Hilton Head. Essentially two maps on the same sheet, the top map features a triangulation chart of the coast of Georgia and South Carolina from Amelia Island in Florida to Winyah Bay and Georgetown in South Carolina. It includes Cumberland Sound, St. Catherine’s Sound, Ossabaw Sound, Tybee Roads, Port Royal Entrance and Bulls Bay. This map focuses on inlets and waterways, indicating important channels and stations and shows the progress of the survey work in this area by date-annotated sections.
The second larger map on the sheet details the coast of South Carolina and covers from Hiltons Head Island and Port Royal Entrance past St. Helena Sound to Charleston Harbor. This map offers stunning inland detail identifying the Charleston and Savannah Railroad, roadways, towns and rivers. Shows a detailed street grid for Charleston City and the harbor details coastal features.
The charts are surrounded by seven smaller insets. These feature the plans for the fort on Fenwick’s Island, the ground plan and view of Port of Bay Point, the plan and view of Fort Beauragard at Bay Point, Fort Walker on Hilton Head Island, ground plan and view of fort on Botany Bay Island, fort on Sam’s Point and the plan and view of Fort on Otter Island Point, St. Helena Sound. Each of the insets also feature a beautiful profile view.
This map was compiled under the direction of A. D. Bache, Superintendent of the Survey of the Coast of the United States and one of the most influential American cartographers of the 19th century. Issued in the 1862 edition of the .
The Office of the Coast Survey (1807 - present) founded in 1807 by President Thomas Jefferson and Secretary of Commerce Albert Gallatin, is the oldest scientific organization in the U.S. Federal Government. Jefferson created the "Survey of the Coast," as it was then called, in response to a need for accurate navigational charts of the new nation's coasts and harbors. The spirit of the Coast Survey was defined by its first two superintendents. The first superintendent of the Coast Survey was Swiss immigrant and West Point mathematics professor Ferdinand Hassler. Under the direction of Hassler, from 1816 to 1843, the ideological and scientific foundations for the Coast Survey were established. These included using the most advanced techniques and most sophisticated equipment as well as an unstinting attention to detail. Hassler devised a labor intensive triangulation system whereby the entire coast was divided into a series of enormous triangles. These were in turn subdivided into smaller triangulation units that were then individually surveyed. Employing this exacting technique on such a massive scale had never before been attempted. Consequently, Hassler and the Coast Survey under him developed a reputation for uncompromising dedication to the principles of accuracy and excellence. Unfortunately, despite being a masterful surveyor, Hassler was abrasive and politically unpopular, twice losing congressional funding for the Coast Survey. Nonetheless, Hassler led the Coast Survey until his death in 1843, at which time Alexander Dallas Bache, a great-grandson of Benjamin Franklin, took the helm. Bache was fully dedicated to the principles established by Hassler, but proved more politically astute and successfully lobbied Congress to liberally fund the endeavor. Under the leadership of A. D. Bache, the Coast Survey completed its most important work. Moreover, during his long tenure with the Coast Survey, from 1843 to 1865, Bache was a steadfast advocate of American science and navigation and in fact founded the American Academy of Sciences. Bache was succeeded by Benjamin Pierce who ran the Survey from 1867 to 1874. Pierce was in turn succeeded by Carlile Pollock Patterson who was Superintendent from 1874 to 1881. In 1878, under Patterson's superintendence, the U.S. Coast Survey was reorganized as the U.S. Coast and Geodetic Survey (C & GS) to accommodate topographic as well as nautical surveys. Today the Coast Survey is part of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration or NOAA as the National Geodetic Survey.
Report of the Superintendant of the United States Coast Survey, Washington, (1862 edition).
Very good. Minor wear and toning along original fold lines. Minor foxing. Professionally flattened and backed with archival tissue.