Map of Kansas, Nebraska and Colorado, Showing also the Eastern Portion of Idaho.
1861 (dated) 12.25 x 15 in (31.115 x 38.1 cm)
1 : 4000000
This is an 1863 Samuel Augustus Mitchell, Jr. map of Kansas, Nebraska, Colorado, and Idaho. The map depicts the region from the Utah-Colorado border to Iowa and Missouri and from the Big Horn Mountains to northern Texas and Santa Fe, New Mexico. This map holds the distinction of being one of the first maps to illustrate the Idaho Territory, which was formed in March 1863. Apart from the presence of Idaho, other intriguing aspects of this map include the fact that only about one half of Nebraska and the eastern third of Kansas are illustrated as having been divided into counties, while Colorado only has fifteen counties that vary wildly in relative size. Myriad towns and villages are labeled, along with the Pony Express route and proposed routes for the transcontinental railroad. Myriad rivers and creeks are also illustrated and labeled, as are buttes and peaks throughout the region. Native American tribes are also referenced throughout.
Publication HistoryPrepared by W. H. Gamble for inclusion as plate 43 in the 1864 issue of Mitchell's New General Atlas. Dated and copyrighted, 'Entered according to Act of Congress in the Year 1861 by S. Augustus Mitchell Jr. in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the U.S. for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.'
Samuel Augustus Mitchell (March 20, 1792 - December 20, 1868) began his map publishing career in the early 1830s. Having worked as a school teacher, Mitchell was frustrated with the low quality and inaccuracy of school texts of the period. His first maps were an attempt to rectify this problem. In the next 20 years Mitchell would become the most prominent American map publisher of the mid-19th century. Mitchell worked with prominent engravers J. H. Young, H. S. Tanner, and H. N. Burroughs before attaining the full copyright on his maps in 1847. In 1849 Mitchell either partnered with or sold his plates to Thomas, Cowperthwait and Company who continued to publish the Mitchell's Universal Atlas. By about 1856 most of the Mitchell plates and copyrights were acquired by Charles Desilver who continued to publish the maps, many with modified borders and color schemes, until Mitchell's son, Samuel Augustus Mitchell Junior, entered the picture. In 1859, S.A. Mitchell Jr. purchased most of the plates back from Desilver and introduced his own floral motif border. From 1860 on, he published his own editions of the New General Atlas. The younger Mitchell became as prominent as his father, publishing maps and atlases until 1887, when most of the copyrights were again sold and the Mitchell firm closed its doors for the final time.
Mitchell's New General Atlas, containing Maps of the Various Countries of the World, Plans of Cities, Etc., Embraced in Fifty-three Quarto Maps, forming a series of Eighty-Four Map and Plans, together with Valuable Statistical Tables. (1864 Edition)
Mitchell's New General Atlas was published by Samuel Augustus Mitchell, Jr., the son of the prolific cartographer Samuel Augustus Mitchell. Many of the plates are derived from the his father's Mitchell's Universal Atlas, but not directly. The Mitchell's Universal Atlas was initially sold to Thomas, Cowperthwait, and Company in 1849, and again to Charles Deliver in 1856. It was Deliver who introduced the new vibrant color scheme, abandoning the older Mitchell's Universal Atlas green borders and themes for bright reds, blues, and yellows. Samuel Augustus Mitchell, Jr. acquired the Deliver plates in 1859. He added his own vine motif border, but doubled down on the vibrant color scheme, thus introducing to the American public the most vividly colored American atlas of the 19th century. In 1860, he published the first edition of his New General Atlas and, despite a slump in sales during the American Civil War, attained a level of success to rival his father. Mitchell would continue to published the New General Atlas until 1887, when the firm formally closed.
Very good. Even overall toning. Blank on verso.
Karrow, Robert W., Checklist of Printed Maps of the Middle West to 1900, 1-0176. Phillips (Atlases) 831-16. Wheat, Carl Irving, Mapping of the Transmississippi West, 1540-1861, 1030.