Comté de Flandre où se trouve distingués les bailliages de Berg St. Winox, de Gurnes, de Bourbourg, de Bailleul, et de Douay, les Chatellenies de Cassel, de Lille, d'Ypres, de Courtray, d'Oudenarde, le Tournesis, le Franc-de-Bruges, le Burgraviat de Gand, le Pays de Waes, le Seigneurie de Dendermonde, le Comté d'Alost. Par le Sr. Robert de Vaugondy, fils, Géographe ordinaire du Roi.
1752 (dated) 20 x 25 in (50.8 x 63.5 cm)
1 : 258000
This is a 1752 Didier Robert de Vaugondy map of Flanders. The map depicts the northern half of Belgium, the extreme southern portion of the Netherlands, and extreme northeastern France, from the English Channel (Mer d'Allemagne) on the left to the Duché de Brabant on the right and from the Netherlands on the top to northeastern France on the bottom. The map depicts the contemporary political divisions, which Vaugondy lists as bailiwicks, castellanies, and burgraves. Forests are depicted in profile. The cities of Dunkirk, Lille, Bruges, Alost, and Valenciennes are depicted. A decorative title cartouche is depicted at the lower left corner.
This map was published in Paris by Gilles Robert de Vaugondy in the 1757 edition of his Atlas Universel.
Gilles (1688 - 1766) and Didier (c. 1723 - 1786) Robert de Vaugondy were map publishers, engravers, and cartographers active in Paris during the mid-18th century. The father and son team were the inheritors to the important Sanson cartographic firm whose stock supplied much of their initial material. Graduating from Sanson's map's Gilles, and more particularly Didier, began to produce their own substantial corpus of work. Vaugondys were well respected for the detail and accuracy of their maps in which they made excellent use of the considerable resources available in 18th century Paris to produce the most accurate and fantasy-free maps possible. The Vaugondys compiled each map based upon their own superior geographic knowledge, scholarly research, the journals of contemporary explorers and missionaries, and direct astronomical observation - moreover, unlike many cartographers of this period, they commonly took pains to reference their source material. Nevertheless, even in 18th century Paris geographical knowledge was severely limited - especially regarding those unexplored portions of the world, including the poles, the Pacific northwest of America, and the interior of Africa and South America. In these areas the Vaugondys, like their rivals De L'Isle and Buache, must be considered speculative geographers. Speculative geography was a genre of mapmaking that evolved in Europe, particularly Paris, in the middle to late 18th century. Cartographers in this genre would fill in unknown areas on their maps with speculations based upon their vast knowledge of cartography, personal geographical theories, and often dubious primary source material gathered by explorers and navigators. This approach, which attempted to use the known to validate the unknown, naturally engendered many rivalries. Vaugondy's feuds with other cartographers, most specifically Phillipe Buache, resulted in numerous conflicting papers being presented before the Academie des Sciences, of which both were members. The era of speculatively cartography effectively ended with the late 18th century explorations of Captain Cook, Jean Francois de Galaup de La Perouse, and George Vancouver.
Vaugondy, R., Atlas Universel (Paris) 1757.
Very good. Repaired tears on verso. Blank on verso.
Pedley, M. S., Bel et Utile, p. 163, 170. OCLC 51051474.