This is a nice map of the Jalna and Aurangabad districts in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The map was issued by Pharoah and Company in 1854 and depicts the region when it was divided into the circars or sarkars of Daulatabad, Baythulwaddy, Paithan and Jalna under the Nizam of Hyderabad. It notes important towns, rivers, roads, and topography and extends from Paithan north to Ajanta, home to the famous rock-cut Buddhist cave monuments from 2nd century BC, Ajanta Caves. The Ellora Caves, 34 caves consisting of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain temples dating from the 5th – 10th century can also be found in this region. Ellora is identified here located just north west of Daulatabad.
Circars or Sarkars were historical division of a province used in the Mughal states of India. The regions of Daulatabad, Baythulwaddy, Paithan and Jalna were part of the princely state of Hyderabad from 1724 to 1948, until the Nizam was overthrown by the Indian Armed Forces following its independence. Aurangabad briefly came under the Maratha rule from 1795 to 1803 before it was returned to the Nizam under the protection of the British East India Company.
This map was engraved by J. and C. Walker and issued as plate no. 37 by Pharoah and Company in their 1854 Atlas of Southern India.
John Walker, Alexander Walker and Charles Walker, known collectively as J & C Walker (fl. 1820-95), were engravers, draughtsmen and publishers working through the 19th century. They had several offices 47 Bernard St Russel Sq (from 1830 - 1836), 3 Burleigh St Strand (from 1837 to 1840), 9 Castle St Holborn (from 1841 to 1847) and 37 Castle St Holborn (from 1848 to 1875). The firm is best known for its work in conjunction with the maps issued by the Society for the Diffusion of Useful Knowledge or, as it is more commonly known, the S.D.U.K. However, they also engraved a large corpus of work for the British Admiralty , as well as issuing several important maps of India and multiple issues of the Royal Atlas. Learn More...
Pharoah and Company, An Atlas of the Southern Part of India including Plans of all the Principal Towns and Cantonments, reduced from the Grand Trigonometrical Survey of India shewing also The Tenasserim Provinces, (Madras) 1854.
The Pharoah and Company Atlas of Southern India was published around 1854. The medium format 4to atlas contained some 70 maps focusing on the southern part of Indian and the Tanasserium Province, or Burma. The atlas was engraved an printed in London by J. and C. Walker, but seems to have been issued only in Madras, India, by J. B. Pharoah and Company. The atlas claims to have been "reduced from the Grand Trigonometrical Survey of India," and, in fact the survey did provide a framework for the atlas, but little of the actual cartographic detail. The atlas is rather novel in that it has universal scale of 16 miles to the inch (1 : 1013760) for most of its regional maps. In addition to its regional maps, the atlas also contained 21city plans. These plans are some of the only obtainable mid-195h century maps of many South Indian cities. It also contained a rare map of Singapore.
Very good. Minor foxing.