England and Ireland, Containing all the Cities, Boroughs, Market-Towns, & principal Villages, with the Coast of France from Calais to Brest.
1760 (undated) 60.5 x 60.5 in (153.67 x 153.67 cm)
An impressive and extremely scarce folding c. 1760 wall map of england and Ireland by Richard W. Seale. Covers all of england and about 98% of Ireland excepting only a small part of western Kerry and western Connaught. Part of the adjacent French coast is also included. Roads, towns, topographical features, and postal mileage are noted throughout. Color coded according to county with relief shown in profile. Insets in the upper right and lower right quadrants detail Scotland and the english Channel, respectively. There are two compass roses, one between england and Ireland and another in the english Channel. A large allegorical title cartouche appears in the lower left quadrant and includes maritime trophies surmounted by the figure of Britannia. A map key and six distance scales appears in the upper right quadrant surrounded by a rococo frame.
Drawn by Richard William and published by Thomas Jefferys. This seems to be the first state of this extremely scarce map, with a second having been issued by John Bowles around 1770. While we have been able to identify a few examples of this map in institutional collections, this is only the second example on the market in the past 30 years, and the only one with full original color.
Richard William Seale (December 1703 - May 25, 1762) was an English a mapmaker and engraver active in London during the middle part of the 18th century. Seale was the son of Richard and Elizabeth Seale. Richard, his father, was a member of the Stationers Company, suggesting that printing and engraving must have been a family trade. Nonetheless, he did not learn the trade from his father, but rather from Samuel Parker of Clerkenwell, to whom he was apprenticed in 1719. Seale was extremely active as an engraver and publisher from about 1740 until his death in 1762. His cartographic corpus is vast; including pieces engraved for most other notable English cartographers of his period: Willdey, Baron, Toms, Rocque, Basire, Bowles, Benning, among others. In addition to cartographic work, Seale also produce numerous architectural engravings.
Thomas Jefferys (1695 - November 20, 1771) was one of the most prominent and prolific map publishers and engravers of his day. Jefferys was born in Birmingham and was apprenticed to the engraver Emmanuel Bowen in 1735. Later, in the 1740s he engraved several maps for the popular periodical The Gentleman's Magazine. Around 1740 Jefferys was finally able to go into business for himself and in 1746 received an appointment as 'Geographer to Fredrick, Prince of Wales,' which shortly after translated to the position of 'Royal Cartographer to King George III.' Jefferys specialized in compiling and re-engraving the works of earlier cartographers into more coherent cartographic wholes. While not salaried position, Jefferys appointment as 'Royal Cartographer' allowed him preferential access to the most up to date cartographic material available. He his best known for his maps of the America, particularly posthumously published 1775 American Atlas, which included some of the finest and most important late colonial era maps of America ever made. Despite his prolific publishing history, royal appointments, and international publishing fame, Jefferys lived most of his life in dire economic straits. It is recorded that he had to be bailed out of bankruptcy by the Sayer firm during the production of the plates for the American Atlas. In the end, Jefferys died with very little. Nonetheless, his cartographic legacy survived him, even after his death in 1771, many of his important maps continued to be published and republished by Sayer and Bennet, Conrad Lotter, Georges Louis Le Rouge, and others. Many attribute some of Jefferys best maps to the colorful and criminally inclined cartographic genius Braddock Mead, who is considered the 'secret behind Jefferys.' Jefferys was succeeded by his son, also Thomas, who had little success as a cartographer and eventually sold his stock and plates to William Faden.
Good condition. Moderate soiling. Dissected and mounted on linen. A few fill repairs - right side - see image.