Map II. Preliminary Map of Mount Everest constructed at the R. G. S. from photographs and sketches made by the Expedition of 1921.
1922 (dated) 14.5 x 18 in (36.83 x 45.72 cm)
1 : 100000
This is a 1922 Royal Geographical Society map of the vicinity of Mount Everest. The map depicts the region from the West Rongbuk Glacier to Kharta Chu and from Rongbuk Chu to Mount Everest itself. Compiled from photographs and sketches brought back by the members of the 1921 British Mount Everest Expedition, this is the first obtainable detailed map of the immediate vicinity of Mount Everest. Over one dozen individual photographs were consulted by cartographers at the Royal Geographical Society's headquarters in London to compile this map. Locations where these photographs were taken are noted on the map, along with the routes taken to reach these viewpoints. Camps established by the expedition's members are also noted, as are numerous glaciers and mountain peaks, along with the elevation of the summits.
The 1921 British Mount Everest Expedition Due to Mount Everest's location on the border between Tibet and Nepal, the highest mountain on earth had previously been off-limits to western explorers because both Tibet and Nepal forbade entry to foreigners. However, due to the development of a friendship between the Dalai Lama and a British official in India, the 1921 expedition was allowed to enter Tibet. The expedition was even shown great hospitality by local district governors because of a proclamation by the Dalai Lama himself. Once the party reached the vicinity of Everest, the Rongbuk Glacier, West Rongbuk Glacier, and the North Col were explored. Two maps were produced during this expedition: Henry Triese Morshead's (November 23, 1882 - May 17, 1931) map of the region and a photographic survey conducted by Sir Edward Oliver Wheeler (April 18, 1890 - March 19, 1962), which provided the first detailed depiction of the immediate vicinity around Mt. Everest. It was decided that the best route for an ascent would be the Rongbuk - East Rongbuk - North Col route, though the 1921 team was unprepared to make a summit attempt. Even before the 1921 expedition had made it out of Tibet, the decision had already been made to send an expedition in 1922 to try for a summit attempt. A member of the 1921 expedition, George Mallory, would also be a part of the team that went to Everest in 1922 and again 1924. It is believed that Mallory was the first man to summit Everest, although, since he died on the mountain and was never able to confirm his success, Mallory's successful summit attempt is still questioned.
Publication History and CensusThis map was compiled from photographs and sketches by the Royal Geographical Society for publication in the February 1922 edition of The Geographical Journal. We are aware of only one other known copy at the Princeton University Library.
Royal Geographical Society (fl. 1830 - present) is a British Society established in 1830 to promote geographical science and exploration. Originally titled the "Geographical Society of London", the RGS received its royal charter from Queen Victoria in 1859 shortly after absorbing several similar but more regional societies including the African Association, the Raleigh Club and the Palestine Association. The RGS sponsored many of the most important and exciting voyages of exploration ever undertaken, including the exploration of Charles Darwin, David Livingstone, Robert Falcon Scott, Richard F. Burton, John Speke, George Hayward, H. M Stanley, Ernest Shackleton and Sir Edmond Hillary. Today, the RGS remains a leading global sponsor of geographical and scientific studies. The Society is based in Lowther Lodge, South Kensington, London.
The Geographical Journal Vol. LIX, No. 2, February 1922.
Very good. Light wear along original fold lines. Blank on verso.
Princeton G7822 .E8C1 1921 .R6.